The German battlecruisers opened fire, causing severe damage to the cruiser HMS Conquest, the destroyer HMS Laertes and slightly damaging one light cruiser. 'Mosul is healing': Rebuilding the historic city. [14], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}52°36′N 1°42′E / 52.6°N 1.7°E / 52.6; 1.7, Raid on Scarborough, Hartlepool and Whitby, Richthofen.com Germany's High Sea fleet in the War, Bob Henneman website, description of the raid, Armistice between Russia and the Central Powers, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bombardment_of_Yarmouth_and_Lowestoft&oldid=1000612415, Naval battles of World War I involving the United Kingdom, Naval battles of World War I involving Germany, Germany–United Kingdom military relations, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 22:00. 24th April 1916 Lowestoft and Yarmouth Raid The Bombardment of Yarmouth and Lowestoft, often referred to as the Lowestoft Raid, was a naval battle fought on the 24th April 1916.The German fleet sent a battlecruiser squadron with accompanying cruisers and destroyers, commanded by Rear Admiral Friedrich Bödicker, to bombard the coastal ports of Yarmouth and Lowestoft. "There was intense competition between the local photographers to take pictures of the damage the next day, to sell them as postcards.". The German fleet sent a battlecruiser squadron with accompanying cruisers and destroyers, commanded by Rear Admiral Friedrich Bödicker, to bombard the coastal ports of Yarmouth and Lowestoft. She was forced to turn back with a flooded torpedocompartment from a 50 … The crews were rescued and taken prisoner and around 07:30, the German Naval Staff passed on reports from Flanders of intercepted wireless transmissions instructing British ships to coal and then proceed to Dunkirk. Frankenberg, the LZ61 was on its 10th raid of England, and had also carried out 17 reconnaissance missions. Seydlitz returned to the river Jade, accompanied by two destroyers and Zeppelin L-7. The German fleet sent a battlecruiser squadron with accompanying cruisers and destroyers, commanded by Rear Admiral Friedrich Bödicker, to bombard the coastal ports of Yarmouth and Lowestoft. Ipswich was attacked by Zeppelin LZ38 on April 30th 1915 with two explosive and three incendiary bombs. [5], Around 20:00, German ships received a message from the Naval Staff, that a large British fleet was operating off the Belgian coast and that another large force had been sighted off Norway on 23 April. ... a situation that was to have resonances in the Zeppelin air raid and bombardment of Lowestoft on the evening of 24/25 April 1916. [10], As the German ships headed for home, they avoided submarine attacks, encountering only two neutral steamers and some fishing vessels. The Germans intended to sneak out between the two forces to bombard the English coast and then attack whichever British force showed first. Old real photographic postcard view of Denmark Road in Lowestoft, Suffolk, England following the Zeppelin raid on April 16, 1915. Video, 'Mosul is healing': Rebuilding the historic city, Woman, 95, accused over 10,000 Nazi camp murders, Actress shares story of 'nightmare' nose surgery, Parish council Zoom host 'surprised' by reaction, US congresswoman who supported QAnon loses key post, BBC team threatened after Boxing and the Mob probe. A serviceman and three civilians were killed and 19 were wounded at Lowestoft. LZ97 L 51 June 6, 1917: 3 reconnaissance missions; one raid on the English coast, dropping 280 kg bombs. [13], The raid infuriated the British and it damaged German prestige in world public opinion, as the operation brought back memories of the 'baby killer' raids earlier in the war. At 16:00, the battlecruiser Seydlitz—in the vanguard of the reconnaissance force—struck a mine just north-west of Nordeney, in an area swept the night before. The German battlecruiser squadron had failed to take advantage of its superior numbers to engage the British light cruisers and destroyers present at Lowestoft. On its way back out of Britain via Lowestoft it dropped a single bomb and crossed the coast at 0115. WWI, attack, bomb, bombs, Zeppelin attack, World War I, World War 1, WWI, First World War, The Great War, war, Background: People examining the damage to Lowestoft after bombing raid by Zeppelin … ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. At noon on 24 April, German forces were in place and the operation began. The first attack hit Ipswich and Bury St Edmunds, with the raider coming in over Felixstowe at around 2400 and exiting via Aldeburgh at 0200. The Zeppelins that had bombed Norwich, Lincoln, Harwich and Ipswich had been fired on by British ships but none had been damaged. [3], Immediately before the raid, the German Navy believed that the British had a strong force in the North Sea, off Norway and another at Hoofden and off the south-east coast of England. The battlecruisers HMAS Australia and HMS New Zealand had collided in fog off Denmark, causing serious damage to both ships. The two battlecruiser squadrons came within 50 mi (43 nmi; 80 km) of each other but did not meet. [9] The light cruisers Rostock and Elbing had tried to lead the British ships into the waiting guns of the battlecruisers but upon sighting the German capital ships, the British cruisers turned south. Zeppelin crossing the North Sea to bomb Britain, with the cruiser Ostfriedland in the foreground. The route led around British minefields to the English coast and was intended to put the bombardment group off Lowestoft and Yarmouth at daybreak, where they would bombard the towns for 30 minutes. ... (L21), he was shot down off Lowestoft while returning from a raid. This is Springfield Road after the 1916 Zeppelin raid on Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk. All 17 men on board were killed. ‘Completely unfiltered’: How Arlo Parks found her voice, The race to create the world's next super-app, Africa's top shots: Rainy days and racetracks. [7][8], When he found he could not draw the German ships away, Tyrwhitt had returned and engaged the six light cruisers and escorts but broke off the action when seriously outgunned when the battlecruisers returned. It believed it was bombing Hornsey, but in fact it hit Bury St Edmunds. Zeppelin LZ 54, given the military tactical designation L 19, was a Zeppelin of the Imperial German Navy.While returning from her first bombing raid on the United Kingdom in early 1916, she came down in the North Sea.Her crew survived the crash, but drowned after the crew of a British fishing vessel refused to rescue them; at the time this was a widely reported and notorious incident. The aftermath of the Zeppelin raid on Lovewell Road, Lowestoft, on August 9, 1915. The Harwich Force, including Lightfoot, set out to counter them on the night of 24th April. Lowestoft was bombed by Zeppelin L5 on April 13/14th, 1915. The four battlecruisers opened fire upon Lowestoft at 04:10 for 10 minutes, destroying 200 houses and two defensive gun batteries, injuring 12 people and killing three. It was witnessed by a young boy in Hingham, who saw the navigational lights of the Zeppelin. "But the British defensive system was very much in its infancy, with nothing like an effective raid reporting system. Just before 01.00, the single zeppelin was spotted. Plans derived from LZ96 were later used in the United States for construction of the first US "zeppelin", the USS Shenandoah (ZR-1). Payment by PayPal, UK cheque or UK postal order. [5], The German airships, having dropped their bombs, returned to the bombardment force. The final German assault came on Easter Monday 1916, when German battle cruisers bombarded the town from offshore, killing four people. If the British did not take the bait, then merchant ships could be captured and British units off the coast of Belgium destroyed. To avoid other possible mines and submarines, the battlecruiser force altered course to a route along the coast of East Friesland. German Raid On The East Coast. It dropped its first bombs on Suffolk at Henham Hall and the railway station at Southwold, before attacking Lowestoft at 01:15 BST. Lowestoft received a second Zeppelin raid on August 9 1915, in which houses in the south of the town were damaged, and a girl was killed. Great Yarmouth would suffer more seriously at the hands of the Germans later in the war – the town is believed to have been the first to suffer a casualty from an aerial bombardment, during a zeppelin attack on 19 January 1915. Romania baptism death sparks calls for change1, Sound of Music star Christopher Plummer dies at 912, Russia expels diplomats over Navalny protests3, Woman, 95, accused over 10,000 Nazi camp murders4, Actress shares story of 'nightmare' nose surgery6, Parish council Zoom host 'surprised' by reaction7, US congresswoman who supported QAnon loses key post8, What Biden's foreign policy 'reset' really means9, BBC team threatened after Boxing and the Mob probe10. At Swaffham she headed west. The LZ 61 was a World War I German Navy airship, allocated the tactical numbering 'L 21'. British casualties were 21 British servicemen, who were killed at sea. On 24th April 1916, a large force of German ships set out to bombard Lowestoft and Yarmouth. He helped organise an event in the town to remember the bombardment. Covid rate fell by 75% across Suffolk and two-thirds in Ipswich last month Angus Williams The Covid infection rate in Suffolk is now around a quarter of what it was at the height of the pandemic and continuing to fall, new data has revealed. [12] The British felt obliged to take steps to react more quickly to future raids. At about 03:50, the light cruiser SMS Rostock, one of Boedicker's screen ships, sighted British ships in a west-southwest direction. General post card of Zeppelin raid… The ships then moved off to Yarmouth but fog made it difficult to see the target. The photograph was taken from a window giving a view of buildings destroyed by the raid. This building is in the village of Holcombe north of Bury, and it used to be the Post Office. The British submarine HMS E22 was sunk, torpedoed by the German submarine SM UB-18. She was forced to turn back with a flooded torpedo compartment from a 50 ft (15 m) hole on the starboard side, being only able to make 15 kn (17 mph; 28 km/h) with 1,400 short tons (1,300 t) of water on board and 11 men killed. Black out and air raid precautions were taken. The aftermath of the first Zeppelin air raid on Suffolk in World War One has been marked a century later. The Theberton Zeppelin 1917 Under a headline of Air Raider Down the London Times reported on 18th June 1917 that a Zeppelin had attacked the coast of East Anglia early the previous morning causing no casualties or damage and had been brought down in flames by a British airman. Seller ID: 0002133. This suggested that the British Fleet was still divided, giving rise to optimism that the operation would go off as planned, despite the mining of Seydlitz. Around midnight, the Harwich Force (Commodore Reginald Tyrwhitt) of three light cruisers and 18 destroyers was ordered to move north. [3] While the rest of the squadron was stopped for Boedicker to transfer to Lützow and for Seydlitz to escape the minefield, the German ships sighted and avoided torpedoes from one or more British submarines. [6] The ships off the Flanders coast included 12 additional destroyers from the Harwich Force, which had been sent to assist with a barrage of the coast. [1] A proposal was made to bombard towns on the east coast of England at daybreak on 25 April, which along with air raids by Zeppelins the night before, would provoke British ships to respond. [11] The German U-boats sent out to intercept British ships leaving harbour had not found any targets. [2] The raid was timed to coincide with the expected Easter Rebellion by Irish Nationalists, who had requested German assistance. The map below shows the area of the Zeppelin raid over Rossendale on the 25th of September 1916, with kind permission from Mr Peter J.C. Smith, from his book entitled Zeppelins over Lancashire. Card is unused and in excellent condition. The counties of Essex, Norfolk and Suffolk were particularly affected by German airship raids. Most details from “Zeppelins Over Lancashire” (1991) by Peter J C Smith. Houses were damaged, two men slightly injured and two horses and a sparrow died, in the night attack on Denmark Road, in Lowestoft in 1915. It was assumed that the British would now be alerted to the movements of the German ships. V. Buttlar though he was over Harwich and dumped all his bombs when he came under fire from some naval 12-pounders at Lowestoft. Sound of Music star Christopher Plummer dies at 91, Romania baptism death sparks calls for change, The voter fraud claims that led to a coup, What Biden's foreign policy 'reset' really means, 'Mosul is healing': Rebuilding the historic city. Zeppelin raid on Woodbridge, 12 August 1915. I haven't found much on her war record but I did find that she took part in the 24th April 1916 raid on Yarmouth and Lowestoft on … Conquest was hit by a shell, which reduced her speed and produced 40 casualties. Publisher: LONDON CAMBRIDGE LOWESTOFT ENGLAND UK, 1904. In February 1916, Admiral Reinhard Scheer became commander-in-chief of the German High Seas Fleet and commenced a new campaign against the Royal Navy. Lowestoft was a base of operations for minelaying and sweeping, while Yarmouth was a base for the submarines that disrupted German movements in the Heligoland Bight. Read about our approach to external linking. Max Dietrich died a day later when the zeppelin he now captained, the L34, was shot down in Tees Bay off Hartlepool. Later, the battleship HMS Neptune collided with a merchant steamer and three destroyers were also damaged in collisions. Zeppelin caught in the searchlights during a raid on London, 1915. 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