On other continents, warm and moist conditions easily weather landing meteorites. There’s one for ironic Antarctica facts. The exploitation of these resources is not allowed under the Antarctic Treaty, but it is set to expire in 2048. Should the ice on this part of the continent melt, sea levels will rise by at least 3.3. meters. The heat from under the Earth keeps their water liquid instead of freezing like the glaciers above them. Hence, Antarctica is named as the “land without bears.” Interestingly, even the great Polar Bears don’t exist in Antarctica! If the dentist declares there’s a risk of major teeth issues in the time they’re planned to stay in Antarctica, then it must get resolved before departure. 90 percent of the world’s freshwater lies in Antarctica and 89 percent is in the form of ice and only 1 percent is flowing water. Map of Antarctica highlighting the major geographic regions, ice sheets, and sites of several research stations. Home to the largest desert in the world; Antarctica is the coldest, windiest, highest and driest continent on Earth; The coldest temperature measured was -93.2°C (-133°F) Drones tend to disturb the wildlife, so they’re not allowed on the continent. They were only supposed to fly over Antarctica for a few hours before returning to Auckland. They’re called the Eulagisca gigantea, or the Antarctic Scale Worm. This makes Antarctic winters and summers colder and warmer than their Arctic counterparts. In a strange case of geography, the Transantarctic Mountains divide the continent roughly along the Greenwich Meridian. There is little or no running water. From the name itself, Antarctica has a waterfall with what looks like blood gushing out. There aren’t any grass, trees or similar plant life in Antarctica. Captain James Cook crossed the Antarctic Circle three times in the late-18th century. There is little or no running water. Research data and other official communications are priorities for the network. People usually picture penguins when they think about the animals in Antarctica. However, this isn’t actually the case. The Norwegian-Swedish whaling ship the Antarctic made the first landing on Antarctica in 1895. Due to wind direction, most of the CFCs ended up over Antarctica, where the hole opened up. Air New Zealand Flight 901 was an aerial tour of Antarctica from Auckland. As a result, Montreal Protocol banned the use of CFCs in 1987. From a birth that's forever in the Guinness Book of Records and Tinder matches to barren valleys with highest … To protect the environment, the band played in a private room, with sound and images broadcast to audiences across the continent. According to studies, ships captained by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen, Edward Bransfield, and Nathaniel Palmer sighted the ice shelves of Antarctica in 1820. Scientists estimate Mount Erebus has erupted many times over the last 1 million years. Scientists attribute the strange color to the iron deposits underneath the lake, with flowing with the water. For comparison, Antarctica is roughly the size of the United States and Mexico combined or about 1.3 times as large as Europe. East Antarctica lies mostly in the east longitudes and is larger than West Antarctica, which lies wholly in the west longitudes. They grow up to 20 cm long, and 10 cm wide. Even doctors do research in Antarctica, such as how viruses work and how the human body adapts to such a harsh environment. Fishing, is only allowed offshore, and fish farms are not allowed on Antarctica itself. Antarctica is located in the fifth position of the largest continent in the world. Instead, Antarctica is to be made available to all countries of the world for research purposes. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, Technological advancements in exploration, https://www.britannica.com/place/Antarctica, Official Site of Ulsan Metropolitan City, South Korea, Official Site of the Office of the United Nations High Commisioner For Refugees, Official Site of St. Mary's Seminary and University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States, Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - Antarctica, British Antarctic Survey - Discovering Antarctica, Antarctica - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Antarctica - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). These shelves—the Ross Ice Shelf and the Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf—together with other shelves around the continental margins, fringe about 45 percent of Antarctica. Starting from the incredibly drawn natural glaciers, largest icebergs, and uniquely created residential areas, this country is full of some exciting places and facts which can leave the person in complete shock. In fact, Antarctica’s landscape is what’s called a polar desert. Over 30,000 people tourists visit the continent every year. East and West Antarctica are separated by the approximately 2,100-mile- (about 3,400-km-) long Transantarctic Mountains. 19. Satellites are the only reliable way to communicate to and from Antarctica. Although legend had told of a vast southern land referred to as Terra Australis since the 1st century AD, the first sighting of Antarctica is invariably attributed to Imperial Russian Navy captain Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen in 1820, with Captain James Cook having missing the continent by only 75 miles in 1773. 10 Fun Facts About Antarctica November 26, 2012. They can’t raise livestock, but scientists in Antarctica have indoor gardens and greenhouses to grow fresh fruits and vegetables in. It is one of the most amazing facts about Antarctica that will surprise you for sure. There’s no need for Antarctica to establish an official timezone, as the continent has no government nor citizens of its own. Just like tree rings, they tell how old a layer of ice is, and what happened in that time. Going back some 170 million years, Antarctica was part of a larger landmass, or supercontinent, which is referred to as Gondwana. As it leaves the overlying glacier, the iron oxidizes with oxygen in the air, giving the water a blood-like color. The Norwegian-Swedish whaling ship the Antarctic made the first landing on Antarctica in 1895. During winter, the Earth is always at its furthest from the Sun, while in summer, it is at its closest. This includes the shores of the sea, or on the slopes and vents of Antarctica’s volcanoes. Ten million years later, Gondwana began the enormously slow process of breaking into the pieces we recognize today, and the continents, subcontinent and islands began moving into their present positions. Here’s a particularly cool example of Antarctica facts: It even earned Metallica a world record as the only band to play in all 7 continents. These lights are caused by high-energy particles from the Sun slipping through the Earth’s magnetic field and hitting the atmosphere. This also makes it the largest, land-only species in Antarctica. Instead, a change in the automated flight path and a failure to inform the flight crew caused the plane to fly into Mount Erebus. The flat and unbroken central region of the continent allows winds to reach high speeds over vast distances. In 2003, marine biologist Kirsty Brown died after getting attacked by a Leopard Seal in Antarctica. Is Antarctica a desert? A large part of Antarctica’s ice formations extends from the continent’s edges and over the surrounding ocean. 5. This means the ice forms on top of the land instead of on top of the water, as is the case in much of the west. The glare of reflected sunlight makes it even harder to notice these dangers until you’re on top of them – and by then, it’s already too late. The continent is divided into East Antarctica (which is largely composed of a high ice-covered plateau) and West Antarctica (which is largely an ice sheet covering an archipelago of mountainous islands). With the International Geophysical Year (IGY) in 1957–58, the present scale of scientific investigation of Antarctica began, and on December 1, 1959, the twelve countries that were active in Antarctica during the IGY signed the Antarctic Treaty. Antarctica is seriously dry: The dry valleys of Antarctica make up the driest place on Earth. Belief in Antarctica’s existence goes back to the 1st century AD. Finally, Antarctica has a higher elevation than the Arctic, by about 3 km on average, helping make it colder than the Arctic. Chile has a civilian city in continent, hence with a school, hospital, hostel, post office, Internet , TV and mobile phone coverage. Read also: 10 South America Facts History Languages Nature More. Doctor Rogozov not only managed to remove his appendix but recovered fully. The term Antarctic, referring to the opposite of the Arctic Circle, was coined by Marinus of Tyre in the 2nd century AD.. Antarctica History. The name goes back to ancient times when scholars theorized about a continent south of Africa and Asia. 25+ Amazing Antarctica Facts For Kids. Study shows that the Transantarctic Mountains have rich coal deposits. Scientists have special permits for drones to study the environment and even wildlife. The other is Villa Las Estrellas on King George Island, founded by Chile. Leonid Rogozov was assigned to Novolazarevskaya Station from 1960 to 1961. 21. The reasons are the same as ants. Melting caused by the rising temperatures somewhat mild at present, but it is gradually increasing. Surprisingly, there’s an international dialling code for Antarctica, which is +672. The Argentinian government sent Emilio’s mother when she was 7 months pregnant to complete her pregnancy in Antarctica. Your email address will not be published. They also say they expect the hole to close in full by 2070. History. Here, water from the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Oceans merge into one, surrounding the Antarctic continent. Governments mandated many early expeditions—whether ostensibly economic, scientific, or exploratory in character—to make territorial claims. Between the continent’s position and the satellite’s orbits, and there’s a daily limit to how long they can use the satellites. Roald Amundsen became the first man to reach the geographic south pole on December 14, 1911. This success made him a celebrity in the Soviet Union, and earned him the Order of the Red Banner for Labor. Because of this, scientists maximize their access to the satellite network. The largest of these fragments was Iceberg B-15A, with an area of 6,400 km². As for tourism, it’s limited to aerial flyovers of parts of the continent, and limited time on the ground in designated areas. This reduces their blood’s ability to carry oxygen by over 90%. Scientists also say there may be lakes they haven’t discovered yet under all the ice. Located in West Antarctica, Mount Vinson stands at a height of 4.89 km high. 10 fun facts about Antarctica 1. Antarctica is the only continent with no native species of ants. Antarctica’s frozen landscape preserves meteorites that pass through the atmosphere very well. The continent, however, remained largely neglected for the rest of the 19th century because of its hostile environment, lack of easily accessible resources, and isolation. Antarctica is the southernmost continent on the planet. 12 nations implemented the Antarctic Treaty System on June 23, 1961. Antarctica’s undeveloped state means the skies above the continent are the clearest in the world. All life in Antarctica depends on the ice around the continent. There is also evidence of rich oil and gas deposits in the waters around the continent. How’s that for weird Antarctica facts? With such low humidity and moisture on this portion of the continent, snow and ice cannot even accumulate, which leaves the valleys as just a dusty expanse of dirt. Talk about shocking Antarctica facts. Antarctica is the place where all the longitude lines meet, and hence, the South Pole has no specific time zone of its own. There aren’t any grass, trees or similar plant life in Antarctica. However, the coloring comes from an inland brine lake buried under ice. Lying almost concentrically around the South Pole, Antarctica’s name means “opposite to the Arctic.” It would be essentially circular except for the outflaring Antarctic Peninsula, which reaches toward the southern tip of South America (some 600 miles [970 km] away), and for two principal embayments, the Ross Sea and the Weddell Sea. Astronomy research in Antarctica studies both the visible universe, and the unobserved one. Antarctica is one of the harshest places on Earth. It means southern land in Latin. Geologists, geophysicists, glaciologists, biologists, and other scientists have mapped and visited all of the continent’s mountain regions. It is also the world’s highest, driest, windiest, coldest, and iciest continent. The name entered formal use in the 1890s, through the Scottish mapmaker John Bartholomew. Scientists and staff who stay in the winter often experience cabin fever, having to get creative to deal with the isolation. Antarctica has a surface area of over 14 million km². In fact, Antarctica’s landscape is what’s called a polar desert. Department of Philosophy and History of Technology, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden. Prior to being owned by Ukraine in 1996, the station was named the Faraday Station under British control. This treaty, which was an unprecedented landmark in diplomacy, preserves the continent for nonmilitary scientific pursuits and placed Antarctica under an international regime that, for the treaty’s duration, holds all territorial claims in place. Studies conducted from 1957 to 2006 show that temperatures rose by 0.05 degrees Celsius per decade in those years. 1821 February the 7th. The treaty bound its members indefinitely, with a review of its provisions possible after 30 years. They, too, are found only in the Arctic region! It is so dry there is extremely low humidity and almost no snow or ice cover. Metallica’s Antarctic concert took place at Carlini Station for an hour. It is the second-highest peak in Antarctica and an active volcano. There are plenty of interesting facts about the southernmost continent. There are 70 research stations in Antarctica. 3. Here are 15 facts about Antarctica and its wildlife that will leave you speechless: 1. Aurora borealis, also known as northern or southern lights, appear as shimmering ribbons of light in the atmosphere. However, the Grand Canyon is 1.9 km deep, while the West Antarctic Rift is only 1.5 km deep. The seal measured 4 meters long and weighed 449 kg. The Antarctica Marathon is held every year in February or March. No, it’s not actual ethylene glycol, which is poisonous. Instead, their blood plasma dissolves oxygen and carries it around in their bodies. Thicker areas called ice shelves stay frozen all the time. Anywhere else on the planet, wind speeds only reach this high during storms and similar weather phenomena. You only have to look. Despite the success of her pregnancy, Argentina’s claims remain contested by the international community. If Antarctica’s ice sheet melted, the world’s oceans would rise by 60 to 65 meters. The ice fish compensates with a slow metabolism and the fact that oxygen is more soluble in cold than warm water. Antarctica is about 5.5 million square miles (14.2 million square km) in size, and thick ice covers about 98 percent of the land. About 650 ce, however, long before European geographers of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance were to conjecture about Terra Australis Incognita, a mythical land to the far south, Rarotongan oral tradition tells of Ui-te-Rangiora, who sailed south of Aotearoa (New Zealand) to a … Caroline Mikkelsen became the first woman to set foot on Antarctica in 1935. As a result, Rogozov had to do surgery on himself, with only limited anesthesia. Means fewer contaminants to clog the sky the first man to reach speeds! 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