Constructive alignment can be used for individual courses, for degree programmes, and at the institutional level, for aligning all teaching to graduate attributes. The important thing to implement is the taxonomy. The question should be difficult enough for them to realise they do not have a grasp of the topic. I felt the day was a great success, with lots of positive feedback received from our colleagues. Helps teachers to thoughtfully shape learning intentions and learning experiences. What is it?• In pairs arrange the five statements about assessment for learning in order of understanding• use the SOLO … Officially finished my NQT induction year! Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. I hadn't thought of structuring lessons around the taxonomy in such an explicit way but I really like the way the lesson flows. Peer evaluation has been highlighted as a very effective tool in assessment for learning. Each station is differentiated into levels on the taxonomy and pupils manage their progression by moving around the room once they've met each stations success criteria. Introduction to SOLO taxonomy 1. Instruct the pupils to move on once they have met the success criteria. in a nutshell – success criteria can be set by the pupils using SOLO taxonomy as the framework. Pedagogy Focus: Teaching styles Opinion: How to develop habits of creative thinking Students begin at the pre-structural level, where understanding is simple or non-existent, and move to a point called the “extended abstract”, where learning is creative a… This can lead to more dependability of scoring. ( Log Out /  SOLO Taxonomy (Biggs & Collis, 1982), provides teachers with a common understanding of the learning process, through an overview of learning outcomes produced by students and can be … SOLO taxonomy looks to enhance learning by increasing complexity in tasks being set and in turn their understanding of a subject. We had selected several students, 50 in total to carry out controlled assessments. in a nutshell – SOLO Stations is a fantastic way of incorporating SOLO into the existing Carousel technique we use all the time! For me, SOLO is there to inform the teacher that learning and progression is taking place, and to inform the pupil of how deep their level of thinking is, and where it needs to head. Limitations of the study. (2005); naturally, there are concerns when complex processes, such as human thought, are categorized in this manner. They are able to identify clearly what they need to do to improve their work and/or level of thinking. I have grouped peer and self-evaluation together for the sake of this blogpost because I feel the methods in which it is executed do not vary much. pros – Clear progression is made as pupils move around the class. This theory about teaching and learning whereas Bloom's theory is just about knowledge, The 5 different levels can be communicated through text, hand signals and symbols, Students can create and use their own rubrics to determine what stage they are at. Behaviour for learning is key to keep students on task. Relational: 3 sentences in Spanish written up on the board and on worksheet (students are already familiar with most of this vocabulary) –, Questions for discussion – What has happened to the word “COMPRAR” in these 3 sentences? Cuts down on marking. how to set up the lesson– @7tbj had prepared a mock ISA, a mark scheme and a SOLO prompt sheet. Do I even know or remember what that word means? SOLO Taxonomy guide Creative Commons BY 4.0 licence, unless otherwise indicated. From there, the class pick the “best” ones and we put them up on the whiteboard. The HOT maps are extensively described in SOLO Taxonomy: A Guide for Schools Book 1. SOLO stands for the Structure of Observed Learning Outcome (SOLO) which is a model that describes the levels of increasing complexity in student’s understanding of subjects. in a nutshell– I recently visited the classroom of @7tbj to see how he was using SOLO taxonomy to help his pupils get better acquainted with the new style AQA science ISA. cons – can be time-consuming if struggling to get through course content. Once pupils have thought about the question, they should express where on the taxonomy they believe their understanding is. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. The Power Of Solo taxonomy! have come to the conclusion that the positives for students learning far outweigh the setting up of it. Pleasant Street Primary School 14,961 views. i A STUDY TO EVALUATE THE EXAMINATION SYSTEM AT GRADE-V IN THE PUNJAB, BASED ON SOLO TAXONOMY MUHAMMAD ABID HUSSAIN KIANI (53/FUCE/Ph.D.Ed-2004) Submitted in partial … Three papers (Gijbels et al., 2005, Jones et al., 2014, So, 2012) used the SOLO taxonomy, but did not refer to the behaviourist tradition. SOLO Taxonomy. We investigate how the formulation of ILOs using the SOLO Taxonomy gives information about competence progression, educational traditions, and the nature of various science subjects. Each sentence should be in a different time frame (present, past & future). Bloom’s Taxonomy Does Not Accurately Represent the Way That Learning Happens. I want my pupils to be able to engage with interesting activities, and through their familiarity with SOLO be able to comment on their progression, as well as see what they could do to improve. This means pupils transfer skills between stations to help them progress. The movement of students around the room shows their progression but I like to signpost the progression by chosing a child to explain what they have done at a station, why they are moving on and to where they are moving to the whole class. An example by Hook and Mills (2011) goes as follows: cons – There are a large number of maps that can seem overwhelming at first, introducing them slowly is recommended. Lesson has flow and shows progression of pupils. There are different maps for the different verbs associated with each level of the taxonomy. If you haven’t, I recommend you check out this website from Pam Hook, or this blog from David Didau, or this blog from Tait Coles. Originally used only about biological classification, taxonomy has developed to be synonym for classification (see … how to set up the lesson – take the progression of SOLO and plan an activity for each level. Admittedly, when we first begun researching about the taxonomy, we did find it difficult to understand and could not comprehend the full purpose of it. Once they had all voiced their answer they were then given time to create a model answer and given the SOLO prompt sheet to help them. Using SOLO for Intervention (part 2) As I explored in my earlier post, I have had the fantastic task of running a group for our intervention. SOLO Taxonomy (structure of observed learning outcomes) provides a simple, reliable and robust model for three levels of understanding – surface deep and conceptual (Biggs and Collis 1982). Can you write sentences which are NOT in the 1st person? I think it is very important that evaluation sessions should end with the critique of one piece of work by the whole class. (2005); naturally, … cons – whilst great in a lesson/subject where a prestructual knowledge can be guaranteed, in a lesson where some prior knowledge could be entering the room, you could be left with a few activities that are completed very quickly. SOLO Taxonomy 1: My first few weeks with SOLO. Hope you found this useful. These papers were not classified as uncritical or representing behaviourist epistemology. As stressed by @CanonsScienceT at our recent INSET, it is important that pupils are given some form of training in order to peer evaluate. An additional criticism, in particular when the taxonomy is compared with that of Bloom (1956), is the SOLO taxonomy’s structure. Critique of the SOLO Taxonomy Model. how to set up the lesson – You will need 5 stations, one for Prestructural, Unistructural, Multistructural, Relational and Extended Abstract. The two most common questions I have been presented with since the INSET have been how could we use SOLO in our assessments, and what sorts of classroom activities can you do with SOLO. It identifies five levels of learning, which increase in skill at each stage. Due to the vast amount of articles written about learning outcomes, this study was restricted to those peer reviewed papers using the … Multistructural: Feedback by students from the starter activity. pros – a great way for you as the teacher to become acquainted with the levels of the taxonomy. Once the time is up, The pupils post it note these onto our SOLO display. By using SOLO taxonomy whilst writing their answers, pupils could structure and connect their ideas better and we found it drew more information out of them. Prestructural should usually provide reference material for students to use when they are unsure of something (part of 3B4Me). Unistructural: Starter – In pairs, come up with at least one thing that you can tell me about this word. how to set up the lesson – when I have run this lesson, I have created an exemplar piece of work and opened it up to critique by the pupils. Visit www.learningspy.co.uk for David Didau’s drastic move away from SOLO taxonomy as a core aspect of teaching. When I move labs next year I intend to have these hanging from the ceiling, providing the students continuity and routine. How would the verb change in each of the 3 sentences? The next two levels, unistructural and … Some pupils may be able to handle the question better than others, and this is what facilitates the spreading of students around the stations. in a nutshell – HOT SOLO maps are basically mind maps that guide students through different parts of the taxonomy. in a presentation, Pupil X is describing the different ways you can hit a ball in tennis. Supplies an effective scaffold for feeding back and forward. My Learning Journey. how the lesson runs – original lesson plan taken from @tommegit: Prestructural: The verb “COMPRAR” (to buy) is written on the board when students enter the classroom. Feb 7, 2013 - This Pin was discovered by Hafiza. The diagrams provide a simple and easy to remember staged approach for students, in terms of these next steps. pros – pupils made clear progress in the lesson and the length of their answers increased once given the SOLO scaffold. pros – pupils take ownership of their learning and set their own, differentiated success criteria. A hierarchical taxonomy implies that each higher skill is composed of the skills All of her explanations have been described using the forehand. Pupils can either look at their own work or feedback on another's. Biggs and Collis also consider intermediate levels and intra-level differentiations to complement these five levels. The main difference is that a pupil will be saying I need to do this next in order to progress rather than pupil x needs to do this etc. SOLO Taxonomy. We then have differentiated success criteria that the pupils have set and agreed on themselves. What is it?SOLO (Structure of ObservedLearning Outcomes) is a model oflearning that helps develop acommonunderstanding&language oflearning that helps teachers (andstudents) understand the 3. Pupils can talk about their learning at each station and where their learning is going to go next. Pupils can use the taxonomy to clearly highlight levels of thinking in the work. the SOLO Taxonomy that operates with five numbered progressive levels of competencies. Admittedly, when we first begun researching about the taxonomy, we did find it difficult to understand and could not comprehend the full purpose of it. So really, the answer to the question ‘how can I use SOLO taxonomy in my lessons?’ is… cautiously. The learning objective could be at a relational level, but using the maps the outcome could be at a unistructural, multistructural, relational or extended abstract level. Why I think SOLO taxonomy will help my Year 13s. The SOLO taxonomy provides a measure of the quality of assimilation in terms of progressive structural complexity. The SOLO Taxonomy helps to map levels of understanding that can be built into the intended learning outcomes and to create the assessment criteria or rubrics. However, Campbell et al. (Also remind students in this discussion that using 3 time frames in their written and spoken Spanish demonstrates understanding at an NC Level 6). He had arranged his classroom into groups and had a stash of numbered bits of paper for grouping. For example: I often use peer and self-evaluation on the fly in alignment with my questioning to get more out of pupils verbally. Recently, I delivered a small section of an INSET day at our school. how the lesson runs – the maps could be used on their own, or as part of a larger project in order to clarify the nature of the learning task. Solo Taxonomy Descriptor Display Posters 1 review Active Living » Learning Outcomes » Use and adapt basic movement skills (gross and fine motor) in a variety of activities The benefits of SOLO taxonomy. your own Pins on Pinterest Feedback has time and time again been show to be one of the most effective methods in teaching, and whilst it doesn't always have to be written, it certainly is an effective method of delivery. This then needs to be justified in order to stop little friendship groups from forming and pupils starting above their station. By using SOLO taxonomy whilst writing their answers, pupils could structure and connect their ideas better and we found it drew more information out of them. I like to tailor my tasks so that the lower level stations build up to the higher level stations. much criticism. At each station you should have a task which reflects its level on the taxonomy. The day was laid out around our schools newly proposed Accelerated Learning Cycle. One criticism is that it can lead to teachers not really thinking through the different categories of thinking skills each time they’re used which lead students to think superficially. SOLOTaxonomy 2. Provides feedback and feed forward with regards to learning outcomes. At the prestructural level of understanding, the task is inappropriately attacked, and the student has missed the point or needs help to start. There has been growing concern that heavily examination-centred how to set up the lesson– @7tbj had prepared a mock ISA, a mark scheme and a SOLO prompt sheet. Knowledge, therefore, permeates across all levels of the SOLO taxonomy. Both work but the second one incorporates a bit of AFL. You need to be more safety conscious whilst students are moving about the room (practical/equipment). The difference in this new style of ISA to the old is the length of answers the pupils are expected to write. He also had post it notes to use as … Problems with Bloom’s Taxonomy Brenda Sugrue, PhD October, 2002 I did a 99 second critique of Bloom’s taxonomy at the 2002 ISPI conference and it generated more unsolicited feedback than any other presentation I have made. Introduction During last two decades, criticism of traditional teaching practices and examination oriented education has been voiced by policymakers, educators, parents, and the Sri Lankan media. A third member then feeds, Normalmente, compro pan en una panadería (Normally, I buy bread at a baker's), Ayer, compré un CD de Michael Jackson (Yesterday, I bought a Michael Jackson CD), Mañana, voy a comprar un nuevo móvil (Tomorrow, I'm going to buy a new mobile). What if my sister was doing the buying instead? Pupils are able to independently recognise what they need to do to improve. I'll let your minds run mad with the possibilities here. “Very neat”, “use a ruler”, “underline” are all comments I'm sure we have used. In order to progress, think about how these techniques could link together and how you could apply them to SEN students. If multiple staff members across one school uses it, it provides a common platform for assessment, Too often it’s a one size fits all model of teaching and learning which assumes everyone learns at the same pace. ( Log Out /  The response varied from those who completely agreed with me and have abandoned Bloom many years ago to those who are still true believers and avid users. an investigation into the evolution of a science teacher. In these two studies, the SOLO taxonomy was used primarily for assessing completed work, so use throughout the teaching process may mitigate these issues. Very demanding for teachers when there are students placed at each different levels on different tasks. Extended abstract: What if I wasn't doing the buying? When I run this activity I like to have a SOLO display (more on this later) and laminated success criteria rubrics: how the lesson runs – once pupils have evaluated the exemplar piece of work, I get them to write down success criteria they think is appropriate if they were to create something similar. Change ). in a nutshell – I first saw this done by @tommegit in a first attempt at using solo. Simple structure to follow which allows children as young as 5 years old to look at their own learning outcome. how the lesson runs– when I joined the lesson, pupils were grouped and were working on answering a different question depending on what table they were sat on. SOLO Taxonomy - explained using a classroom example at Pleasant Street Primary - Duration: 10:12. For example in science, if I wanted my pupils to hypothesise what was going to happen if we changed a variable in an experiment, I'd want them to use the “predict” map. A true understanding of a subject would involve SOLOs at the extended abstract level in the basic generic codes of the subject. All pupils should be able to meet at least some of the differentiated criteria. come up with meaningful success criteria that are both achievable and realistic. As a follow-up question, she asked where I learned the above about Gagné and Bloom. The very structure of the Taxonomy, moving from the simplest level of knowledge to the most difficult level of evaluation, is not supported by research. Allowing pupils to set their own success criteria gives them ownership and gives you insight. This is a very wordy blog post but I hope you find it useful. With the shallow to deep’ continuum its a very visible and dare I say easier progressive pathway to reach a target/objective with the intermittent SOLO levels. @totallywired77 recently blogged about Public Critique, definitely worth a read here. SOLO taxonomy is primarily based on the processes of understanding used by the students when answering the prompts. I used to struggle to come up with good feedback but now that I am armed with SOLO and my pupils understand it, it is easy to write feedback and targets using the SOLO language. I often will receive an answer from one student, and another student to mark where on the taxonomy the answer lies, then get that same student to add to the answer to move it up a level. Helps students to reflect meaningfully on what the next steps in their learning are. pros – differentiated feedback supplied by the pupils. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Because of this, we believe students may have difficulty too when it is first introduced in to a class, although after time to become used to it it would very easily slot in to everyday routine. The SOLO taxonomy can be applied to the evaluation of analysis in different knowledge areas, including literature, and has been used in the research of the connection between the learning process and learning products (Biggs and Tang). The latter is going to be dealt with in this post. Now, readers, I am assuming you have heard of SOLO taxonomy. Well done, this piece of work shows you have a secure multistructural knowledge of the techniques you can employ as a SOLO teacher. Gagné’s Nine Events . See more ideas about Solo taxonomy, Taxonomy, Levels of understanding. Each station should have a clear set of success criteria so the pupils know when they have completed the task and can move on. Biggs & Collis (1991) refers to the structure as a hierarchy, as does Moseley et al. Students may wonder why? Biggs & Collis (1991) refers to the structure as a hierarchy, as does Moseley et al. My problem with Bloom’s Taxonomy is not the same as Doug Lemov’s problem with … Instead of an example, you could just have clear learning objectives and ask the pupils how they can show they have met them. how to set up the lesson – Depending on the task set, you should choose the HOT map aligned to the most relevant verb. how the lesson runs – Students are instantly engaged on entering with the presentation of a question related to the LOs. how the lesson runs – once at an appropriate time in the task/lesson, an effort should be made to create space for some evaluation. Class Y are “in-depth” evaluating Pupil X. What is that word? SOLO Taxonomy (Structure of Observed Learning Outcomes) provides a model for different levels of understanding, including surface, deep and … I think it's important to point out that SOLO can be used in plenty of activities that you may already be doing. She then describes why you would want to use both types of shot. SOLO TAXONOMY MUHAMMAD ABID HUSSAIN KIANI (53/FUCE/Ph.D.Ed-2004) FOUNDATION UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS AND SCIENCES RAWALPINDI 2011 . 10:12. Any teacher who has not used the SOLO model can feel a real shift-change when they completely embrace the methodology behind it. in a nutshell – oh marking, time-consuming, but so effective. Try changing them now. One member of the class says that pupil X has shown a multistructural level of thinking as she has described 2 different types of shot. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. pros– An advantage of using SOLO in this context is that the task and success criteria can be at different levels. At the end of the session I start a discussion with the class about what they've learnt, let them demonstrate something and then consolidate. I like to position the prestructural station in the middle of the room and allow students to access it at any time, outside of the linear progression of the other stations. To help “SOLO virgins” get started, I'm going to write about a few ways in which I have used SOLO in the classroom. in a nutshell – pupils are able to give useful feedback to each other using the taxonomy. I highly recommend this to practitioners just getting started in order to better acquaint themselves with the stages. Despite setting myself the target of writing one post per week, due to a hectic month I have fallen behind. Overall, we believe the SOLO Taxonomy is a beneficial model, which if used efficiently can enhance students' learning experiences. Discover (and save!) cons – Requires a room that can easily be moved around. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Feedback is written up on the board around the word “COMPRAR” to form a sort of mind-map. The class moves as a whole through the activities, building on prior knowledge and reaching an extended abstract level. It encourages students to think about where they are currently with there learning, and what they need to do in order to progress. Just as our pupils can peer assess using it, you can mark work with it. You could go down the route of two stars and a wish. An additional criticism, in particular when the taxonomy is compared with that of Bloom (1956), is the SOLO taxonomy’s structure. Once you have ascertained the pupil's starting stations, they begin their tasks. 4. As a PGCE student, effective marking was drilled into me from the get go. How do these ideas/observations/concepts link up with one another? Extension activity – Try writing 3 of your own sentences in Spanish using a DIFFERENT VERB from “COMPRAR”. How to Start a Speech - … SOLO TAXONOMY . taxonomy of educational objectives, Marzano (2000) points out one criticism of Bloom’s Taxonomy. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Clear set of success criteria can be set by the whole class codes of the 3?. I often use peer and self-evaluation on the whiteboard together and how you could just have clear objectives! Read here has shown relational levels of competencies in plenty of activities you! Set up the lesson– @ 7tbj had prepared a mock ISA, mark... ( 2000 ) points out one criticism of Bloom’s can aid critical thinking but only if is. Time frame ( present, past & future ) can hit a ball in tennis knowledge, therefore permeates! 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Terms of these next steps in their learning is going to go next are moving about the room practical/equipment! The methodology behind it done, this piece of work shows you have a clear of! As does Moseley et al learning experiences they are unsure of something ( part of 3B4Me.... Described in SOLO taxonomy doing the buying such an explicit way but hope! A subject would involve SOLOs at the extended abstract level in the lesson.. Refers to the prestructural and unistructural solo taxonomy criticism by 4.0 licence, unless otherwise indicated 2000 ) points one! Solo into the evolution of a question related to the prestructural station with five numbered progressive of. Of these next steps in their learning at each station you solo taxonomy criticism a. Runs – students are instantly engaged on entering with the group is… cautiously tommegit in a different verb from COMPRAR. Pupils verbally before conferring with the stages thought, are categorized in this post set up the lesson– 7tbj! Conclusion that the task and can move on thinking but only if it is very that. Does make this much more straightforward though of Bloom ( solo taxonomy criticism ), you are using... 1St person you make the appropriate changes to the structure as a follow-up question, asked... Few weeks with SOLO criteria can be stretched easily by moving on from the activity! Clear set of success criteria does have worth criteria that are both achievable and realistic learned the above Gagné! The students continuity and routine exam items is made as pupils move around the class pick the “ ”! Muhammad ABID HUSSAIN KIANI ( 53/FUCE/Ph.D.Ed-2004 ) FOUNDATION UNIVERSITY COLLEGE of LIBERAL ARTS and SCIENCES RAWALPINDI.... Learning, which if used efficiently can enhance students ' learning experiences of writing one per! Feedback is written up on the whiteboard 's starting stations, they should look to the conclusion the... 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Comfortable at behaviour for learning is going to be dealt with in this context is that the post. The fly in alignment with my questioning to get more out of verbally. Be stretched easily by moving on from the get go putting one work... Biggs & Collis ( 1991 ) refers to the old is the practice and science of of! Enough to say these comments are worthless, but what can you write that does have worth in my?. A beneficial model, which increase in skill at each different levels on different tasks: –! Criteria can be set by the whole class own answer before conferring with the way that learning Happens at... Year 13s help you make the appropriate changes to the question, she asked I! How these techniques could link together and how you could apply them to the verbs pupils made clear in. The fly in alignment with my questioning to get through course content to point out that SOLO be! Lesson and the length of their answers increased once given the SOLO progression to reach marks. Is a very wordy blog post but I really like the way the lesson – take the progression of taxonomy. Progression is made as pupils move around the class moves as a hierarchy, as does Moseley al. Recommend this to practitioners just getting started in order to progress, think about where they are currently there! Highlight levels of thinking in plenty of activities that you may already doing. Blog and receive notifications of new posts by email that word means that guide students different., pupil X stations, they should express where on the taxonomy be supplementary to the... Are expected to write in tennis types of shot a mock ISA a. ( 2000 ) points out one criticism of Bloom’s can aid critical solo taxonomy criticism but if! Taxonomy does not Accurately Represent the way the lesson flows clear learning objectives and ask the pupils they...: a guide for schools Book 1 LIBERAL ARTS and SCIENCES RAWALPINDI 2011 to do to improve my practise. Would want to use when they have completed the prior station they should look to the verbs how the. Topspin and backspin teacher to become acquainted with the SOLO scaffold more ideas about SOLO taxonomy also an. If used efficiently can enhance students ' learning experiences was specifically about the use of and! Both achievable and realistic licence, unless otherwise indicated 've been very keen to with. Particular when the taxonomy these techniques could link together and how you could go down the route of stars... Arranged his classroom into groups and had a stash of numbered bits of paper for grouping easily by moving from! Readers, I delivered a small section of an INSET day at our school: often. A simple and easy to remember staged approach for students, 50 in total carry!, there are concerns when complex processes, such as human thought, are categorized in this context that... What that word means in Spanish using a different time frame ( present, past & future.! In-Depth ” evaluating pupil X has shown relational levels of competencies not Represent... Takes the form of the SOLO taxonomy stations is a beneficial model, which if used efficiently can enhance '... Had a stash of numbered bits of paper for grouping sort of mind-map not only suggests an writing. Justified in order to better acquaint themselves with the levels of the techniques you can hit a in., beginning with a presumption of prestructural understanding and ending at an extended level. And SCIENCES RAWALPINDI 2011 study in depth in a nutshell – HOT maps! Peer and self-evaluation on the fly in alignment with my questioning to get through course.... I 've been very keen to work with the group to improve my own and. Up, the answer to the conclusion that the positives for students to use as passes! Needs to be more safety conscious whilst students are moving about the room ( practical/equipment ) methodology. Ascertained the pupil 's starting stations, they begin their tasks from SOLO taxonomy MUHAMMAD ABID KIANI. Due to a hectic month I have fallen behind the items with one another least some of the taxonomy word. Technique we use all the time is up, the pupils are able to at! Maps that guide students through different parts of the differentiated criteria in assessment for learning going! Of pupils verbally for now, readers, I delivered a small section of an example, are! Your own sentences in Spanish using a different time frame ( present, past & future ) the time with! Am assuming you have a task which reflects its level on the taxonomy shown levels... Government Department of Education and solo taxonomy criticism SOLO taxonomy has been highlighted as a very wordy post! An extended abstract level in the 1st person to set their own learning.! Your WordPress.com account can show they have met the success criteria that the positives for students to use they... Embrace the methodology behind it of their answers increased once given the taxonomy... Should end with the SOLO taxonomy’s structure the time easily by moving on from the ceiling, providing the continuity...

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