LEA restricted access, The educational technology and digital learning wiki. Please cite this article as: 57-76). The goal is for the learner to understand the interconnection of domain concepts and to avoid "oversimplification" and "rigid" thinking regarding the content area. Various thematic elements can criss-cross numerous cases that seem quite dissimilar in an overt context but add to the learner\u2019s cognitive development.”, “maintains that instruction in complex, ill-structured domains must allow the learner to "crisscross" the domain knowledge by comparing and contrasting information gained from different perspectives and themes pertinent to the domain. In other words, learners must be flexible in their understanding of a topic to apply important concepts.”. Its primary applications have been literary comprehension, history, biology and medicine. It reinterprets the relation between language and theory of mind in terms of language-related effects on cognitive flexibility. We refer to the principled use of flexible features inherent in computers to produce nonlinear learning environments as Random Access Instruction (Spiro & Jehng, 1990).". How to Improve Cognitive Flexibility Skills Moreover, it refers to simultaneously considering multiple aspects of thought at once, whether they be two aspects of a specific object, or many aspects of a complex situation. The construing–constructing distinction is critical, and it became an issue because the French verb construire can be translated as either “to construe” (i.e., to integrate elements to make sense of) or “to construct” (i.e., to build something). Research on CFT-informed learning environments suggests that flexible thinking during learning activities supports the development of higher order thinking skills (e.g. The Cognitive Flexibility Theory was introduced by Spiro and Jehng in 1990. Cognitive flexibility also involves the ability to apply previously acquired knowledge in a new way. Some information may be missing or may be wrong, spelling and grammar may have to be improved, use your judgment! What does Cognitive flexibility mean? In D. Nix & R. Spiro (Eds. Its primary applications have been literary comprehension, history, biology and medicine. Cognitive Flexibility Theory (CFT) suggests that deep learning requires learners to engage with new content from multiple perspectives and in flexible ways of thinking. Different interactive exercises help us improve our cognitive flexibility. Cognitive flexibility is an important skill for children to learn because it is naturally built into their school day. Definition of Cognitive flexibility in the Definitions.net dictionary. Knowledge representation, content specification, and the development of skill in situation-specific knowledge assembly: Some constructvist issues as they relate to cognitive flexibility theory and hypertext. In T. M. Duffy & D. H. Jonassen (Eds. [.... ] Cognitive flexibility hypertext fosters the development of knowledge-transfer skills by confronting the learner with multiple representations of case-events. Graddy, Duane B. Cognitive Flexibility Theory as a Pedagogy for Web-Based Course Design. “Cognitive flexibility theory suggests that learners grasp the nature of complexity more readily by being presented with multiple representations of the same information in different contexts. What is … A synthesized research definition of cognitive flexibility is a switch in thinking, whether that is specifically based on a switch in rules or broadly based on a need to switch one's previous beliefs or thoughts to new situations. In animal models, cognitive flexibility generally refers to the ability to switch a behavioral response according to the context of a situation (Scott, 1962 ). ) and Feltovich et al necessary for considering novel applications within the domain! And its contents need further attention H. 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