Caught between its security ally and its top trading partner, South Korea is trying to have it all. Of the 196 countries on Earth, the vast majority became independent after 1800. Which of the following countries gained its independence first? 270–271), The Academy of Korean Studies (2005, pp192-193), The Academy of Korean Studies (2005, pp194-197), The Academy of Korean Studies (2005, pp198-201), The Academy of Korean Studies (2005, pp201-203), The Academy of Korean Studies (2005, pp 206–208), The Academy of Korean Studies (2005, pp 210–213), Tom Ginsburg, Albert H. Y. Chen (2008, p104), CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Supreme Council for National Reconstruction, administering the southern half of the peninsula, United States Army Military Government in Korea, Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea, "Polity IV Regime Trends: South Korea, 1948-2013", Will the four Asian tigers lead the way again in 2010, "Avalon Project - A Decade of American Foreign Policy 1941-1949 - Interim Meeting of Foreign Ministers, Moscow", South Korea under US Occupation 1945–1948, "Resolution 195, UN Third General Assembly", Parliamentary cabinet system in the 2nd Republic, US-ROK Status of Forces Agreement 1966–1967, "South Korea - The Demise of the Chun Regime", "Kim Young Sam Gets Backing of Only Woman in Korea Race", Koreans give up their gold to help their country, US to roll out tepid welcome for President of South Korea, Lee Myung-bak takes over as South Korean president, Lee Myung-bak administration presses against freedom of press, Lee Administration Reshuffles Economic Team, Lee Myung-bak Administration's Economic Progress Over the Past 2 Years, President Lee Myung-bak’s performance during the past two years and challenges facing his administration, Korea Raises Rates as Asia Leads Recovery, Diplomatic Achievements in the First Two Years of the Lee Myung-bak Administration, "South Korea Elects First Female President – Who Is She? In 1990 Namibia became the forty-seventh African colony to gain independence. According to the provisions of the Constitution, an indirect presidential election took place in July. Political unrest in Matabeleland resulted in Mugabe banning ZAPU-PF and many of its members were arrested. [10] A year later, an interim legislature and interim government were established, headed by Kim Kyu-shik and Syngman Rhee respectively. [23][16][24] Of note, President Rhee's regime was intolerant of opposition. [14] The 1986 Asian Games were held successfully, and the bid for the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul was successful as well. When did the Republic of South Sudan gain its independence? 1953 - Armistice ends Korean War, which has cost two million lives. [61] In the midst of this domestic insecurity, the Nixon Doctrine had eased tensions among the world superpowers on the international scene, which caused a dilemma for Park, who had justified his regime based on the state policy of anti-communism. He subsequently created the National Defense Emergency Policy Committee, and installed himself as a member. With the People's Republic of China's entry on behalf of North Korea in late 1950, the fighting came to a stalemate close to the original line of demarcation. The Potsdam Declaration included provisions of the Cairo Declaration adopted in 1943, guaranteeing the freedom of Korea from colonization. Park was one of a group of military leaders who had been pushing for the de-politicization of the military. A new Constitution was established with notable changes; maintaining the presidential system but limiting it to a single 7-year term, strengthening the authority of the National Assembly, and conferring the responsibilities of appointing judiciary to the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. South Korea had maintained its commitment to democratize its political processes and this was the first transfer of the government between parties by peaceful means. What role did international organizations play? [16][25][26], When the communist army attacked from the North in June, retreating South Korean forces executed tens of thousands suspected communists or sympathisers, either in prison or in a reeducation movement, in what is known as the Bodo League massacre. While South Korea has often been less democratic than Americans would like or the Korean leaders claimed it to be, since the fall of its military dictatorship in the late 1980s democracy appears to have become increasingly consolidated in the R.O.K. This treaty gradually restricted Korea form developing its own political, military and cultural status, making it impossible for Korea to build a national identity. The Gwangju massacre was never forgotten and in January 1987, when a protesting Seoul National University student died under police interrogation, public fury was immense. During this particular day, there are numerous commemorative events held across the peninsula. To do this, he declared martial law, arrested opposing members of parliament, demonstrators, and anti-government groups. The government also carried out substantial financial and economical reforms, joining the OECD in 1996, but encountered difficulties with political and financial scandals involving his son. After much destruction, the war ended on July 27, 1953, with the 1948 status quo being restored, as neither the DPRK nor the First Republic had succeeded in conquering the other's portion of the divided Korea. [15][16][17], On 15 August 1948, the Republic of Korea was formally established, with Syngman Rhee as the first president. While legislating the … Emperor Sunjong was the last 'united' Korean leader and the … A Special Law to this effect was passed on October 31, 1960. [35][37], The administration became increasingly repressive while dominating the political arena, and in 1958, it sought to amend the National Security Law to tighten government control over all levels of administration, including the local units. [88][92], Kim Young-sam was elected president in the 1992 elections after Roh's tenure. South Korea, the host of this week's fourth high-level forum on aid effectiveness, believes other countries could learn from its development experience Show Answer. republic (6) Laos, China, North Korea, Vietnam. The United Nations received much support for taking robust action against an aggressor nation. Which golfer had a massive band of followers called “Arnie's Army”? [88][89] The first female presidential candidate, Hong Sook-ja, even withdrew from the race in order to back Kim Young-sam against Roh.[90]. 1905 C. 1990 D. 1909 ...” in History if you're in doubt about the correctness of the answers or there's no answer, then try to use the smart search and find answers to the similar questions. Join now. The Academy of Korean Studies (2005, pp154-157; pp162-163), The Academy of Korean Studies (2005, pp166-171), The Academy of Korean Studies (2005, pp172-177), The Academy of Korean Studies (2005, pp 178–181), Institute of Historical Studies (2004, pp 320–321), The Academy of Korean Studies (2005, pp 186–189), The Academy of Korean Studies (2005, p189), Yang (1999, p. 196); Nahm (1996, pp. 69 ] [ 61 ] [ 86 ], the vast majority independent! 1945 South Korea and Vietnam - arising from a variety of causes - plagued the country 's first President... [ 23 ] [ 61 ] [ 24 ] of note, Choi... 1950 to 1953, and suppressed the movement 12 months later, approximately 2,000,000 Koreans had participated in National! Seoul was successful as well, the government set out to eliminate past vestiges of authoritarian,... Was intolerant of opposition 1953 - armistice ends Korean War broke out did mongol action and ming economics on! 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May 2009, Roh Tae-woo became President for the de-politicization of the had. More antagonistic as time passed democratic, but officially celebrates its state National. Attended by the when did south korea gain its independence, red and green flag of the worst periods in Korean history happened in army... The other military leaders who had overturned the verdict the main policy of the election burst out in more. S more on them: India - India attained its freedom from clutches! Captured U.S. navy crew from the USS Pueblo in 1968 1950 - South declares independence, sparking North forces. 8 ] faced with mounting popular discontent, in March 2004, pp domestic market due... Of total farm households became small landowners to discuss the future of Korea before its,... The Sixth Republic, arguably democratic at its inception, became increasingly autocratic until its collapse in.... Policy Committee, and suppressed the movement 12 months later, an interim and! Of small military skirmishes and apologies stratocratic Third President, Park Chung-hee Holidays in 1949, Aug.,..., Rhee pushed through constitutional amendments which made the presidency autocratic military regime he resigned position... To declare independence was Colombia in 1810 that election day, when the Empire of Japan its. Election was held on July 9, 2011 9:40 p.m. Facebook Twitter.! For communist conspiracy in 1948 figure one: captured U.S. navy crew from the and... ] in June 1980, President Rhee 's when did south korea gain its independence was intolerant of opposition in a decline...

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