The two men made this landmark journey by sledge. Douglas Mawsonattended the Fort Street Model School. What he did know, however, was that Antarctica held great potential for Australia. Mawson did not know it at the time but in 1912 he was the first person to discover gold in Antarctica. So he was in control of the rations, as we’ve said. He was survived by his wife Lady Paquita and his two daughters, Patricia and Jessica. In 1911, he discovered a lode of uranium ore in South Australia and published, with Professor T. H. Laby, of Melbourne, the first results of radioactivity obtained in Australia. "He had courage, remarkable ability, great vision and great tenacity," Mr Menzies said. In November 1912, the Far Easte… Sir Douglas was the greatest and most famous of our Antarctic explorers. Omissions? Mertz died on the way and Mawson walked on alone. 1930. ... "I am unable to prevent their folly and so must die a martyr to their bloody mindedness." So both became really sick and Mertz died. Did you know that Australia lays claim to 42 percent of Antarctica? This is refection about what I learned and what I now… On an Antarctic expedition 100 years ago, Mawson endured one of the most horrific journeys in the history of exploration. Douglas Mawson's colleague with schizophrenia remembered in sad footnote to epic Antarctic expedition. High This article has been rated as High-importance on the project's importance scale. Mawson's Hut. Douglas Mawson an Australian by adoption was offered a place on Scott's Terra Nova expedition but turned it down to lead the Australasian Antarctic Expedition of 1911 - 1914 sailing on the Aurora. Sir Douglas Mawson and expedition members cheering the raising of the Union Jack flag at Proclamation Harbour, Enderby Land, Antarctica, ca. David, reached the south magnetic pole on the high ice plateau of Victoria Land on January 16, 1909. Sir Douglas Mawson and expedition members cheering the raising of the Union Jack flag at Proclamation Harbour, Enderby Land, Antarctica, ca. A year later a ship arrived to get the 6 men and Mawson. During the first busy year in Adélie Land, when the Hut was full of life and work, there were few moments for reflection. He was created a Knight Bachelor in 1914. Douglas Mawson died of a cerebral haemorrhage at his home in Brighton, South Australia on 14 October 1958. The Prime Minister, Mr Menzies, tonight said Sir Douglas had been one of the very great men of this century. Asked by Wiki User. Mawson’s Hut and its outbuildings remain largely intact and are of national and international heritage significance. This was confirmed years later when his geological samples from Cape Denison were examined in detail. Douglas Mawson Biography, Life, Interesting Facts. In spite of a tragedy which involved the death of his companions, and nearly cost him his own life, he achieved results which, for their scope and scientific importance, have never been executed in any similar endeavour. C: Yeah- He- Well, that’s what Mawson claims. Sir Douglas Mawson is widely regarded as Australia’s greatest Antarctic explorer for mapping untrodden areas and surviving some of the most harrowing situations. Mawson, a base in Australian Antarctic Territory, commemorates his discovery in 1930 of MacRobertson Land, on whose fringe it lies.He planned a fourth expedition to the Antarctic in 1946, but later retired from it. Mawson died of cerebral hemorrhage on October 14, 1958 at his home in Brighton. Sir Douglas Mawson and expedition members cheering the raising of the Union Jack flag at Proclamation Harbour, Enderby Land, Antarctica, ca. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. ", Sir Douglas Mawson ca. Here, Mawson is pictured with his fellow students. He married Francisca Adriana (Paquita) Delprat, of Dutch descent, and they had two daughters. Founded in 1850, it is Australia’s oldest university as well as its largest. and 'The tranquillity of the water heightened the superb effects of this glacial world. n Sir Douglas. Douglas Mawson was born on May 5, 1882, in Shipley, West Yorkshire, England.His parents were Margaret Ann (Moore) and Robert Mawson. Mertz died on January 8, 1913, with Mawson attributing his death to ''weather exposure and want of food''. In Melbourne, Dr Frank Stillwell who was a member of the Australasian Antarctic expedition, which Sir Douglas led in 1911, said: "Sir Douglas was the greatest and most famous of our Antarctic explorers. However, he did not discard his geological specimens. He later graduated with a degree in mining engineering in 1902. As their bases were being established in 1911, Australian geologist Douglas Mawson was quietly organizing an Australasian expedition to chart the 2000-mile coastline directly south of Australia. He is one of Australia's best known and most respected heroes in any field. Be the first to answer! Who doesn't love being #1? One of Australia’s greatest Antarctic explorers, Douglas Mawson was responsible for one of the most extreme survival stories of all time. Corrections? Register to get answer. Mawson carried on sick and all by himself. Mawson passionately lobbied for the federal government to undertake regular Australian Antarctic expeditions, which continue to this day. Dragging two sledges, one weighing 606 pounds and the other 250 pounds, they took four months to cover the 250 miles, averaging about two miles a day. He later became a professor at the Adelaide University and was made Sir Douglas by the King in 1914. University of Sydney, coeducational institution of higher learning in Sydney, nominally private but supported financially by both the Commonwealth of Australia and New South Wales. The first permanent Antarctic station was named after him. He was born in Shipley, West Yorkshire, England, on 5th May 1882, the son of cloth merchant Robert El.. © Australian Antarctic Division and the ABC He first went to Antarctica with Ernest Shackleton on the 1907-1909 Nimrod expedition when he was one of a party of 3 to reach the Magnetic South Pole for the first time, manhauling a sledge for 122 days over 1260 miles. The funeral is expected to be held at 3 p.m. tomorrow. It took weeks, but he finally reached the base and was saved. Douglas Mawson attends University Mawson studied mining engineering at the University of Sydney between 1902 and 1905. Mawson arrived alone, his colleague having died from what experts now believe was poisoning from consumption of Husky dog liver. Though less prestigious, this was a wide ranging scientific and exploratory expedition to previously unknown and unvisited regions of the Antarctic continent. Douglas Mawson as expedition commander. Sir Douglas Mawson was an English geologist and the pioneer of Australian Antarctic exploration. Appointed by Mawson as the official photographer of the 1911–14 expedition, Hurley … First question: did Mawson plan for Mertz to die? On January 7 1913, Douglas Mawson stood alone as he looked over the blizzard-swept ice of Antarctica. If you really want to come to grips with how this happened – the trials, tribulations and sheer heroism that was required to bring it about – you need to visit Mawson’s Huts. He was the leader of the Australian Antarctic Expedition (AAE), which set out to chart Antarctica's coastline. Feature Name: Mawson Bank Feature Type: bar Latitude: 73°30'S Longitude: 174°00'E Description: A bank named for Sir Douglas Mawson. The university is composed of six In 1911, Sir Douglas discovered and mapped 1000 miles of new Antarctic coastline, examined the geology of the continent, discovered King George V land, and greatly enriched scientific knowledge of the Antarctic. He was accorded a Commonwealth state funeral and was buried at St Jude's Anglican Church, Brighton. Though less prestigious, this was a wide ranging scientific and exploratory expedition to previously unknown and unvisited regions of the Antarctic continent. The aim of the project was to set questions at the start then answer them. After his two companions died, he completed the expedition alone, travelling 160km in 30 days. Douglas Mawson is within the scope of WikiProject Australia, which aims to improve Wikipedia's coverage of Australia and Australia-related topics.If you would like to participate, visit the project page. A granddaughter of Sir Douglas Mawson has died at her home in Berlin, Germany. A member of the scientific staff of Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton’s Antarctic Expedition (1907), Mawson, together with T.W.E. A glimpse, from within the cavern of the Mertz Glacier, Australasian Antarctic Expedition, 1911-1914. A scientist before all else, he sought information and knowledge rather than fame, fortune or ‘firsts’. Sir Douglas Mawson was a colossus of the heroic age of Antarctic exploration who carried the banner of scientific research to the great white continent and established Australia’s territorial claim. Born in England on 5 May 1882, Mawson migrated to … Mawson Peak (Heard Island), Mount Mawson (Tasmania), Dorsa Mawson (a wrinkle ridge system on moon), Mawson Station (Antarctica) and a suburb in Canberra have all been named after him I did my term 3 project on Sir Douglas Mawson, who is a Artic explorer and geologist. In 1921 he was appointed Professor of Geology at Adelaide University. His face appears on the $100 note and his picture has appeared on stamps. A memorial service, arranged by the university, was held at St Peter's Cathedral, Adelaide. His intellectual boldness and skill were matched by a practical initiative and courage which confirms his place among the world's greatest explorers. In 1909 he took his degree of Doctor of Science from Adelaide University, where he was a lecturer in mineralogy and petrology. Having won distinction as a member of Sir Ernest Shackleton's Antarctic team (1907-9), he led his own expedition south in 1911. Douglas Mawson an Australian by adoption was offered a place on Scott's Terra Nova expedition but turned it down to lead the Australasian Antarctic Expedition of 1911 - 1914 sailing on the Aurora. DANGLING helplessly in the bowels of a deep ice crevasse, Douglas Mawson considered slipping his spent body from its harness to hasten what seemed to be an inevitable death. Mawson kept his ‘favourite dog’ Admiral D’Urville, who was soon entertaining guests at a reception held by his fiancee’s family (‘To Meet Dr. Douglas Mawson’). DOUGLAS MAWSON AND THE NIMROD EXPEDITION An Australian geologist who became Australia’s greatest Antarctic explorer. At 19 he graduated as a Bachelor of Mining Engineering, and at 22 as a Bachelor of Science. Australian Antarctic Expedition members inside their living quarters, 1911-1914.Credit:Frank Hurley courtesy State Library of NSW, 60 years ago Antarctic explorer Sir Douglas Mawson died at 76. Sir Douglas Mawson was an English geologist and the pioneer of Australian Antarctic exploration. Sir Douglas Mawson, the unsung hero of Antarctica, gets his due at last This article is more than 7 years old A biography of Sir Douglas Mawson tells how he … 6 men waited for Mawson's team to arrive only Mawson survived out of the three in he's group. Born in England on 5 May 1882, his family immigrated to New South Wales when he was only two. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). His bust in the Prince Henry Gardens, outside the University of Adelaide, commemorates the life and work of an outstanding scientist and explorer. Why did Mertz, and not Mawson, die? Sir Douglas Mawson was a colossus of the heroic age of Antarctic exploration who carried the banner of scientific research to the great white continent and established Australia’s territorial claim. Battling the ice and snow and nearly falling into a crevasse himself. One of Australia’s greatest Antarctic explorers, Douglas Mawson was responsible for one of the most extreme survival stories of all time. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. He was a man of science, onset with the noble … After Shackleton's heroic effort to attain the South Pole, the whole world stood by in anticipation as Scott and Amundsen announced their plans to conquer the extremes and grab the prize at 90°S. "He was a great leader with immense courage and resourcefulness. Born in England on 5 May 1882, Mawson migrated to … He was once described as "one of the greatest figures in all polar exploration, north or south." He participated in Shackleton’s ‘Nimrod’ expedition and then went on to lead three further Antarctic expeditions. 1882–1958, Australian Antarctic explorer, born … His explorations enabled Australia to claim some 2,500,000 square miles (6,475,000 square km) of the Antarctic continent. The clip shows the work of cinematographer and photographer Frank Hurley (1885–1962). The funeral is expected to be held at 3 p.m. tomorrow. Mawson completed the longest Antarctica man-hauling sledge journey of 122 days. Douglas Mawson was born in Yorkshire on May 5, 1882. Douglas Mawson is within the scope of WikiProject Australia, which aims to improve Wikipedia's coverage of Australia and Australia-related topics.If you would like to participate, visit the project page. In early 1911, Mertz went to London to meet with the Australian geologist and explorer Douglas Mawson. Douglas Mawson, in full Sir Douglas Mawson, (born May 5, 1882, Shipley, Yorkshire, England—died October 14, 1958, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia), Australian geologist and explorer whose travels in the Antarctic earned him worldwide acclaim. He returned to find his ship Aurora had left a few hours earlier. Updates? In 1911 (Sir) Douglas Mawson invited Hurley to be official photographer on the Australasian Antarctic Expedition. So. Douglas Mawson's tragic Antarctic trek. When Douglas was a small child, the Mawson family moved from England to Australia, where Douglas … In addition to his other activities, Mawson edited and contributed to the 22-volume Reports of Australasian Antarctic Expeditions. It must be, he thought, one of the six huskies pulling the rear sledge. Sir Douglas Mawson (1882-1958) was an Australian scientist and explorer of the Antarctic. His contribution to our … "Future generations of Australians will look back on his life as a source of inspiration.". A glimpse, from within the cavern of the Mertz Glacier, Australasian Antarctic Expedition, 1911-1914Credit:Frank Hurley courtesy of NLA. The Antarctic exploits of Sir Douglas Mawson (1882–1958) rival those of Robert Scott and Ernest Shackleton. ADELAIDE, Tuesday.— The famous Australian scientist and polar explorer, Sir Douglas Mawson, died tonight, aged 76. Eventually Mertz became too ill to go on and Mawson cared for him in their tent until Mertz died on the morning of January 8th, 1912. Sir Douglas Mawson is one of Australia's best known Antarctic explorers. Douglas Mawson Mawson was born in Yorkshire, .. -Douglas Mawson Unlike many of Mawson’s historic counterparts in the Heroic age of Antarctic Exploration, Mawson was known for his drive to explore without the claim to glory other men of the era strived for. But somehow he made it more than 160 kilometres to the safety of the hut. This was the last day in the life of a heroic man that changed the way we think about Antarctica! Sir Douglas was the author of many scientific papers and the famous book The Home of the Blizzard (1915). Douglas Mawson, in full Sir Douglas Mawson, (born May 5, 1882, Shipley, Yorkshire, England—died October 14, 1958, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia), Australian geologist and explorer whose travels in the Antarctic earned him worldwide acclaim. Mawson’s plan called for several different sledging parties—31 men in all—to explore different regions and collect data along the way. Here, Mawson is pictured with his fellow students. The irony of this choice of pet—Mawson had after all eaten the dog’s mother, Ginger—was not lost on the Australian media. Mawson was knighted in 1914 and one of the Antarctic bases, Mawson Station, was named after him. Douglas Mawson was born in Yorkshire, England, moving to Australia at the age of 2. Mawson continued on alone. Australian Antarctic Expedition members inside their living quarters, 1911-1914. Sir Douglas, a noted scholar and courageous leader, became a world-famous figure in the history of polar exploration. But make sure you take a coat. Mawson died at his Brighton home on 14 October 1958 following cerebral haemorrhage. Be the first to answer this question. He was born in Shipley, West Yorkshire, England, on 5th May 1882, the son of cloth merchant Robert El.. 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