The current emphasis on using more intensive supervision and evaluation of teachers to improve school performance illustrates this irony. A large scale study found that every additional dollar spent on raising teacher quality netted greater student achievement gains than did any other use of school resources.2 Yet the role of the principal is complex, and there are many ways that principals might potentially influence classroom instruction and student learning. Professional development is a comprehensive, ongoing, and intensive approach to improving teachers’ and principals’ effectiveness in raising student achievement. How do principals build the trust that contributes to improved student achievement? ... emphasize coaching and mentoring instead of operations and administration could refocus school communities on improving student achievement, retaining more teachers, and strengthening school climate. principals and teachers need to work collaboratively to improve their situations, primarily as gauged by student achievement on standardized tests, the means to bring about such collaboration is uncertain and increasingly the focus of empirical research. Grissom and Loeb (2011) use assessments of principal skills, as perceived by principals and assistant principals, to estimate associations with student achievement and find that organization management skills are associated with improved student outcomes. What matters most? How do you improve schools? The current emphasis on using more intensive supervision and evaluation of teachers to improve school performance illustrates this irony. In addition, John Hattie found that elements of instructional leadership—disruption-free climates, clear objectives, and high expectations—were more effective … 1. Use guidelines diagnostically—not just to assign grades. Principals are being asked to improve student learning by implementing mandated reforms that have consistently proven ineffective in raising student achievement. 3. Two hundred studies have shown that the only factor that can create student achievement is a knowledgeable, skillful teacher.1 B. A research-based approach to school reform would not define improvement solely as higher scores on an annual standardized achievement test. Do Principal Observations Improve Teaching Practices? What are the roles of educational leaders in a learning community? Improve Student Achievement Harry K. Wong A. With a myriad of issues, principals have been brought to the forefront of the discussion in their ability to improve overall school effectiveness. A study published in Education Next has found that the effect of highly effective principals on student achievement is equivalent to 2-7 months of additional learning each school year, while ineffective principals negatively impact student achievement by a comparable amount. As school leaders, principals can influence student achievement in a number of ways, such as: hiring and firing teachers, monitoring instruction, and maintaining student discipline, among others. Principals are often seen as the primary agents of change to improve student achievement in their schools. Match student needs to the intervention. Principals are being asked to improve student learning by implementing mandated reforms that have consistently proven ineffective in raising student achievement. Publish guidelines (rubrics) for high-quality work, and have students evaluate performance against the guidelines. There is a new Best Evidence in Brief with – amongst others – this report: A new report from the Institute of Education Sciences has found that an intensive approach to helping principals improve their leadership practices did not improve student achievement or change principal practices as intended. Quit Doing Stuff that Doesn’t Help How Do Principals Influence Student Achievement? 3. These domains comprise practices that, when employed by principals, the state believes can raise student achievement. On the other, they're increasingly required to micromanage teachers by observing in classrooms and engaging in intensive evaluation. The study determined if teachers and principals perceptions of leadership behaviors contribute to student achievement. whAT prINCIpAlS SAy Principals can see how these actions are implemented in schools by viewing these Create a culture that supports using data to change instruction and improve student achievement. 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