(c) Minimum temperature for germination is 6-8°C. Its fodder when fed green to the animals has easy digestibility than the chaffed straw. It requires temperature between 20 0 C to 30 0 C. Rainfall: 50-100cm rainfall. Sunflower 16. It not only ensures best germination but uniform plant population as well. Privacy Policy 9. ... high humidity and rainfall-grows best in alluvial clayey soil, ... on less fertile and sandy soils-a hardy crop that needs low rainfall and high to moderate temperature and adequate rainfall- Jowar, bajra and ragi are … Maize crop requires considerable moisture and warmth from germination to flowering. (d) Suitable temperature for optimum crop growth is 20-25°C. Pearl millet does not tolerate water logging. The pearl millet grain should be dried to bring the moisture content down to about 12 % for safe storage. (c) Most suitable temperature for germination and growth is 21-23 and 30-32°C, respectively. However, its summer cultivation is also popular in the states of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. In areas of less rainfall, it requires irrigation. Moreover, low temperature during grain development increase the grain filling period and grain yield. (g) It resists drought and tolerate flooding for one week once it establish. Ragi. This article throws light upon the eighteen types of field crops and their climatic requirements. It is a tropical as well as a subtropical crop. It is a drought-tolerant crop and requires very minimal rainfall. Before uploading and sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. These are pearl, Proso, foxtail, sorghum, finger, kodo, little, barnyard, brown top etc.. Learn about:- 1. Pearl millet is sensitive to photoperiod. Being a rainy season crop, it suffers heavily due to weed infestation. It requires temperature ranging between 25 0 C to 30 0 C and low rainfall, can be grown on regions receiving less than 50cm of rainfall. The varieties grown in India are relatively less photosen­sitive and suitable for cultivation throughout the year. 6. It needs moist and humid climate with rainfall more than 200 cm. It thrives well at a temperature between 25°C and 32°C but below 16°C is not good for the crop. Breaking of upper crust of the soil layer to check evaporation losses. (c) Optimum temperature for growth, flowering and grain formation is 21-36, 25-29 and 20-25, respectively. In U.P. Field Preparation 5. So, the perfect temperature for the growth of bajra is 25o-30oC. 8. Sometimes due to unavailability of labour or soil being too wet to permit manual weeding, timely interculturing/weeding be­comes difficult. (b) Black gram can be grown successfully from sea level up to an elevation of 2000 meter altitude. Students can solve NCERT Class 10 Social Science Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their preparation level. It is a rain-fed crop mostly grown in the moist areas. Soil: Well drained light sandy loams, red, yellow and black soils are well suited for its cultivation. High rainfall at reproductive phase is not conducive, as it aids in spread of fungal diseases especially ergot, lodging of plants and poor grain quality. Disclaimer 8. The soil should be deep and free from stones and concretes. TOS 7. Tea grows well in the regions which receive rainfall in between 150-200 cm. Since then many varieties and hybrids have been evolved. Bajra and Ragi: can be grown in drier regions, with rainfall of 35-50 cm (Ragi is especially well-suited to grow in drier regions) (e) Bajra is a short day plant. 4. Free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. This is referred to as gurr (light ploughing is standing crop of pearl millet) in Chambal division of M.P. The rate of decline in yield may varies from 4 to 80 kg/day/ha under rainfed conditions. Crop is characterized by the drought evading mechanism. 7. It is susceptible to frost damage and is predominantly grown as a rainfed kharif crop. (c) Water requirement for proper growth is 60-75 cm. (f) Under long day length conditions, plant produces more dry matter. Direct seeding at later stage resulted in poor stand and poor grain setting, and, thus low yield. The most suitable temperature for germination is 21°C and for growth is 32°C. It grows well on sandy soils and shallow black soil. Across the world, bajra is grown over an area of 260,000 sq kms and 50% of the millet production is related to bajra. (a) Barley needs cold weather during early crop growth period and warm and dry weather at maturity. Sugarcane 1. On sandy loam soils, a flat seedbed should be preferred to ridge and furrow bed. (b) Minimum temperature for germination is 4-6°C. Rainfall: 50-75 cm . Climatic condition required for rice production - shortcut It is a Kharif crop which requires high temperature, (above 25C) and high humidity with annual rainfall above 100 cm. (d) Maximum temperature for which rice crop tolerate is 40°C. Moisture Conservation Management of Pearl Millet: Pearl millet, being a rainfed crop, moisture conservation is vital for a good harvest. The time of sowing in kharif under rainfed conditions depends on the onset of monsoon. (ii) Rainfall : It grows best in areas receiving 75 cm to 100 cm of rainfall. A temperature range above 25°C is required for rubber plantation. Generally 2 methods for harvesting the crop are adopted, viz. India is the second largest producer of sugarcane only after Brazil. (g) High humidity is harmful to pea crop due to incidence of disease. Fine and smooth tilth is required better germination and optimum plant stand of pearl millet, as its seeds are smaller in size. Soybean 13. Class 10 […] Field Preparation for Pearl Millet Cultivation: Pearl millet seeds, being smaller in size, have little food to support the germinating seedling, therefore a fine and firm seedbed is required for the root system to penetrate the soil quickly. For better cultivation of Bajra desired temperature lies between 20 ͦC to 30 ͦC. But at the time of flowering and grain development stages, the weather should be clear and dry. North West zone comprising the states of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Haryana, Plains of Uttar Pradesh, New Delhi, Madhya Pradesh (Bhind, Morena, Gwalior and adjoining areas) and Punjab. (e) Heavy showers of rain or heavy irrigation during fruiting period causes shedding of flowers and young bolls. Coffee plants should be protected from direct sunlight. This particular crop grows in the dry regions of the country and the ideal temperature range for its growth is within 25 – 31 deg C. Rainfall required for its growth is … (d) Tuberization stopped, when temperature exceeds 30°C. Climatic condition required for rice production - shortcut It is a Kharif crop which requires high temperature, (above 25C) and high humidity with annual rainfall above 100 cm. It grows well in the soil with low pH or high salinity. Late sowing in August resulted in poor stand establishment due to high rate of seedling mortality, slow vegetative growth, poor grain setting and more incidence of diseases due to comparatively low temperature during the period. This crop tolerates drought conditions that require low rainfall annually ranging between 40 cm to 60 cm. After winnowing the cleaned grain is thoroughly dried in hot sun by spread­ing on dry floor and stirring it frequently. In the Deccan black cotton soils, a blade harrow is used to expedite preparation of fields. Rainfall Requirements for Growing Pearl Millet: The pearl millet crop grows well in areas with rainfall ranges from 200 to 1 500 mm, most occur in areas receiving 250 to 700 mm. In India, rubber is mainly grown in Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andaman & Nicobar islands and also in the Garo hills of Meghalaya. The rainfall at flowering time is harmful as it washes off the pollen and consequently there is poor seed setting. Transplanting from third week of July to second week of August gives good results. Climate Requirement for Bajra: – Bajra requires dry and warm climatic conditions. To give better start to the seedlings, apply 25-30 kg, calcium ammo­nium nitrate in the nursery. moderate temperature and adequate rainfall. Rajasthan, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and Haryana. Bajra. (b) It requires an average annual rainfall of 60-80 cm. (d) Requirement of rainfall throughout growth period is 40-60 cm. Maize is grown in North America, Brazil, China, Russia, Canada, India, and Mexico. In light soils, the ridge and furrow system gave poor plant stand because germinating seeds are affected by crust-prone soil. Needs manual labour from sowing to harvesting. It means this is the plant which never resists to drought but cut short of its life cycle and comes to flowering under such adverse conditions. (v) Drought of 2-3 weeks persisting between pre-flowering to grain setting Stage. The green fodder is rich in protein, calcium, phosphorus and other minerals. Monocropping of pearl millet is prevalent in Rajasthan and Gujarat which has been proved uneconomical compared to pearl millet-legume sequential cropping. Cotton 17. Sugarcane : Temperature: 20-30 degree Celsius . and Maharashtra) is recommended for both hybrids and composite varieties under rainfed conditions. The benefits of transplanting includes – (i) early maturity, (ii) escaping from low tempera­ture effect on grain filling (iii) ensuring optimum plant stand and (iv) producing more tillers and earheads as compared to direct seeding. Account Disable 12. Grows well on sandy soils and shallow black soil. has been found promising and remunerative in pearl millet growing regions. Nitrogen, being part of chlorophyll molecule and different amino acids, plays an important role in crop production. Climate and Soil Required for Pearl Millet Cultivation 3. (a) Groundnut is wide spectrum adoptable crop which grown in all 3 seasons. Ecological Zone II – Low rains, but heavy to light loamy soils (Gujarat, MS and M.P.). So, the perfect temperature for the growth of bajra is 25o-30oC. (d) Besides temperature and rainfall, light (day length) plays a very important role in proper growth and development i.e. (a) Potato is a temperate and cool climate crop. (iii) Soil : Sugarcane grows on well-drained fertile soil. (b) Minimum temperature for germination, flowering and grain formation is 10, 23 and 20-21°C, respectively. High temperatures at this stages induces early flowering and thus poor grain setting, while low temperatures coupled with high humidity at the time of flowering increases the incidence of ergot disease which reduces the grain yield and causes poisoning in humans and animals. Agriculture, India, Grains, Bajra, Cultivation, Cultivation of Bajra. Sugarcane is the main source of Sugar, Gur (Jaggery), Khansari and molasses. Thus, an integrated nutrient management (INM) with 75 % N, P + 100% K as inorganic fertilizer and use of bio-fertilizers like Azospiriilum and phosphobacteria both @ 600 g/ha each for seed treatment or 2 kg/ha each for soil treatment, can sustain the productivity of pearl millet. Ecological Requirements-Climate- The crop has a wide adaptability as it may grow under different day lengths, temperature and moisture stress. Bajra is the major kharif crop of the district, cultivated on around 1.15 lakh hectares. Low rainfall , dry spell at the time of grain ripening (a) Temperature of 21°C to 27°C and an annual rainfall between 75 cm and 100 cm (b) Temperature below 17°C and 50 to 75 cm rainfall (c) Temperature of 25°C and 200 cm of rainfall The major geographical conditions required for them are as follows : JOWAR. The important food crops grown in India are rice, wheat, barley, maize, millets (jowar, bajra, ragi) and pulses (including gram and tur). Field Pea 9. Rain fed crop, best in arid conditions. Climate and Soil Required for Pearl Millet Cultivation: Pearl millet is an annual, rapidly growing warm-weather crop suitable for growing in rainfed regions where the annual rainfall is between 40-65 cm. Flowering and grain filling stages are the critical stages of irrigation. Modified land configura­tion like bonding or ridge and furrow system is promising in moisture conservation than flatbed sowing. Rice 2. (a) Cool temperature, clear dry weather with bright sunshine accompanied with adequate soil moisture increases the oil percentage of crop. Time of N is a key factor to realise the potential yields of pearl millet. Usually pearl millet is grown in those areas where it is not possible to grow sorghum because of high temperature and low rainfall. Sowing Time 6. HB 1 was the first cytoplasmic male sterile (CMS) hybrid evolved in 1965 at Ludhiana, Punjab. Bajra: Ragi: 3rd most important food crop with respect to area and production. The climate required for it to grow is warm temperature and dry subtropical vegetation with seasonal rainfall averaging from 200 to 500 millimeters. Black Gram 12. It hardly grows in areas where the yearly rainfall does exceed 100 cm. It requires an annual rainfall of 45cm and temperature ranging between 25 to 30°C. About 2 kg seed of pearl millet is sown in 500-600 square metre area in nursery to get seedling for one hectare. Prohibited Content 3. If conserved soil moisture is insufficient, 1-2 irriga­tions has been found to be highly beneficial for increased yields. Time of sowing plays a signifi­cant role in determining the yield of a crop as sowing at optimum time gives maximum grain yield and net profit. Gram 8. The crop needs 2-3 intercultural operations between 20-40 DAS. India is the fifth largest rubber producer in the world. Across the world, bajra is grown over an area of 260,000 sq kms and 50% of the millet production is related to bajra. As a rainfed crop under normal rainfall distribution, it hardly needs any irrigation. 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