Военная энциклопедия Сытина (Санкт-Петербург, 1911-1915).jpg 1,086 × 720; 143 KB Russian Outrage on the Hull fishing fleet on 22 October 1904, otherwise known as the ‘Dogger Bank incident’, the ‘North Sea Incident’, or the ‘Incident of Hull’, showing shell-damaged returned trawlers in St Andrews Dock, Hull. Torpedo boats created a psychological stress on sailors at war, and as early as 1898, during the Spanish-American War, American warships had opened fire on ocean swells, trains on land, and rocks along the coastline, after sailors had mistaken them for Spanish torpedo boats. Because of incorrect reports about the presence of Japanese torpedo boats, submarines and minefields in the North Sea, and the general nervousness of the Russian sailors, 48 harmless fishing vessels were attacked by the Russians, thousands of miles away from enemy waters. From Libau to Tsushima : a narrative of the voyage of Admiral Rojdestvensky's fleet to eastern seas, including a detailed account of the Dogger Bank incident. The trawlers Mino and Moulmein were hit with multiple shells, injuring many crew members. The damaged and battered trawlers then made their way back to their home port of Hull, flying their flags at half-mast to indicate that there had been a death at sea. Britain rejected all of the Russian claims and pointed out that the Gamecock fleet was engaged in the legal business of fishing in grounds which they visited on a regular basis. The Dogger Bank incident (also known as the North Sea Incident, the Russian Outrage or the Incident of Hull) occurred on the night of 21/22 October 1904, when the Baltic Fleet of the Imperial Russian Navy mistook a British trawler fleet from Kingston upon Hull in the Dogger Bank area of the North Sea for Imperial Japanese Navy torpedo boats and fired on them. However, this turned out to be more of their own ships from the Baltic Fleet coming into the area and for a short while Russian warships exchanged fire with each other. The Russians also claimed that they did not recognised the flares and lights of the British trawlers which identified the vessels as civilian fishing boats as these types of signal were not used in Russia and also stated that they were justified in leaving damaged trawlers and injured fishermen in the area as there were enough undamaged trawlers in the area to rescue the wounded and the Russians believed that they may still come under attack from additional Japanese torpedo boats which they had not spotted. RUSSO-JAPANESE WAR - THE DOGGER BANK INCIDENT GOES WRONG. Following the incident the British barred the Russians from using the Suez Canal and also prevented the Russian ships from re-fuelling at British controlled ports. The Russian battleship Borodino was involved in the Dogger Bank Incident. Once they realised they were under attack the trawlers attempted to scatter but many had their nets down as they were engaged in fishing when the attack took place and could only travel at the speed of a few knots. Find premium, high-resolution stock photography at Getty Images. Find 64 listings related to Chase Bank in Laurel on YP.com. The Dogger Bank Incident. The vessel began to sink but the remaining crew were rescued by other trawlers, despite some being seriously injured. In October 1904, Russia sent its Baltic Fleet on a voyage around the world to fight in the Russo-Japanese War. Dogger Bank Incident 1904 Nfuneral Procession At Hull England For Fishermen George Henry Smith And William Richard Leggott The Two Men Were Killed During An Accidental Attack At Dogger Bank In The Nor. It was also found that the firing went on for longer than necessary, although the inquiry also stated that Admiral Rozhestvensky did all he could to stop the shelling once it was established that civilian trawlers were being fired upon. View top-quality stock photos of Dogger Bank Incident During Russojapanese War. The fishermen eventually received £66,000 from Russia in compensation. The man who'd come to think of himself as Gandalf Grey relaxed in his armchair and sighed. Two-thirds of the Russian fleet were sunk with the loss of thousands of sailors’ lives, while the remaining Russian ships surrendered at sea. There would also be support and supply ships accompanying the fleet. [4] The firing lasted for twenty minutes before the British fishermen observed a blue light being signalled on one of the warships; this was the order to cease firing.[5]. Dogger Bank: There is evidence from a single 2007 line transect survey that minke whales aggregated on the slope of Dogger Bank to forage on sandeels (de Boer, 2010). The Russians paid a sum of £66,000 to Britain in compensation over the Dogger Bank Incident, a fee equivalent to around £5,000,000 in 2014 when adjusted for inflation. trawlers, recognised as such, from being fired upon by the squadron".[7]. The incident arose from the fact that the recently developed torpedo boats of the European navies did have the potential to wreck large warships, and could also strike while nearly invisible. Russia was at war with Japan and a number of Russian warships mistook British trawlers for Japanese Navy ships and fired on them. 1 On the night of 21 to 22 October 1904, the Russian Baltic Sea Fleet, while on its way to the Far East for deployment in the Russo-Japanese War, encountered some 30 British trawlers fishing in the North Sea off Hull in the area of the Dogger Bank (Russia; Baltic Sea; Warships; Fishing Boats). Russian and Japanese imperial ambitions had led to the Russo-Japanese War breaking out in early 1904, with the two countries battling over control of areas of China and Korea. It was within this context of heavy defeats and surprise attacks that the Baltic Fleet took its long journey from Europe to Asia. The Russian 2 nd Pacific Squadron had been sent from the Baltic to relieve the blockade of Port Arthur – Tsar Nicolas II’s much coveted warm water port – and defeat Admiral Tōgō Heihachirō’s fleet. Dogger Bank Russian Outrage incident 1904 St Andrews Dock, Hull postcard.jpg 865 × 544; 422 KB Фото к статье «Гулльский инцидент». The British put forward the claim that the Russian actions were borne out of confusion and incompetence and shelling civilian vessels could in no way be considered a justifiable act. However, the Russians concluded that they were Japanese Navy vessels, and possibly thought that the flares were some sort of weapon being fired at them. The Dogger Bank incident (also known as the North Sea Incident, the Russian Outrage or the Incident of Hull) occurred on the night of 21/22 October 1904, when the Russian Baltic Fleet mistook some British trawlers in the Dogger Bank area of the North Sea for an Imperial Japanese Navy force and fired on them. 18 feet high statue shows the dead fisherman George Henry Smith and carries the following inscription: Connaughton, Richard Michael (1988) (Digitized by Google Books online). The Dogger Bank incident occurred on the night of 21/22 October 1904 when the Baltic Fleet of the Imperial Russian Navy mistook a British trawler fleet in the Dogger Bank area for Imperial Japanese Navy torpedo boats and fired on them. It was fought near Dogger Bank in the North Sea on January 24, 1915. The planned route would take the fleet out of the Baltic Sea and through the North Sea and English Channel. A Dogger Bank-i incidens (más néven hulli incidens vagy északi-tengeri incidens) 1904. október 21-ének éjszakáján történt, amikor az orosz–japán háború miatt a Távol-Keletre tartó orosz Balti Flotta hajói tüzet nyitottak kivilágítatlan angol halászhajókra, mivel a Japán Birodalmi Haditengerészet torpedóhajóinak hitték őket. Researchers from Nasa's Goddard Space Flight Center in Maryland used to computer models to test how lunar particles react to solar wind. The Dogger Bank incident. The disaster of 21 October began in the evening, when the captain of the supply ship Kamchatka (Камчатка), which was last in the Russian line, took a passing Swedish ship for a Japanese torpedo boat and radioed that he was being attacked. [3], Accidents and rumours, which had also dogged the United States Navy during the war with Spain in 1898, did not exempt the Russian fleet on their voyage, and there was general fear of attack among the sailors, with widespread rumours that a fleet of Japanese torpedo boats were stationed off the Danish coast, as well as talk of the Japanese having mined the seas and alleged sightings of Japanese submarines. This led to the Russians being extremely nervous of small approaching vessels throughout their journey, and made them particularly nervous once they were in British waters the Anglo-Japanese Alliance had recently been signed, making Britain and Japan close allies. The Dogger Bank Incident did display the terrible gunnery standards of Russian warships. In the chaotic incident a number of Russian ships also fired at each other. The Dogger Bank Incident took place in the final few years of the pre-Dreadnaught era, with many Russian ships being made unstable as additional weapons, armour and other military hardware was added to existing vessels as technology advanced. The Dogger Bank incident (also known as the North Sea Incident, the Russian Outrage or the Incident of Hull) occurred on the night of 21/22 October 1904, when the Russian Baltic Fleet mistook some British trawlers at Dogger Bank for an Imperial Japanese Navy force and fired on them. The Dogger Bank incident (also known as the North Sea Incident, the Russian Outrage or the Incident of Hull) occurred on the night of 21/22 October 1904, when the Russian Baltic Fleet mistook some British trawlers in the Dogger Bank area of the North Sea for an Imperial Japanese Navy force and fired on them. The Russian warships then trained their searchlights on the trawlers and opened fire. The channel 3 image (Fig. A memorial to the fishermen who lost their lives in the Dogger Bank Incident was erected in Hull shortly after the incident and remains there today. Fears amongst the crews of the Baltic Fleet were heightened for two main reasons. In the early years of the Twentieth Century fishing boats were much less productive than they were now as they lacked modern engines, nets and fish-finding technology. The Russian Baltic Fleet continued its journey to Japan although the events of Dogger Bank meant they had to make huge changes to the route they had planned to take. This soon led to an incident near the Danish coast unrelated to the Dogger Bank disaster, when fishermen bearing consular dispatches from Russia for the fleet were fired on, but escaped unharmed due to the poor standards of Russian gunnery. This had the effect of appeasing the British and the threat of war between Britain and Russia receded. Fishing vessels therefore had to work in fleets consisting of trawlers which would catch the fish which would then be transferred onto carrier vessels which would steam back to port, unload the catch and then return to the trawlers. The fighting ended when a Russian vessels eventually displayed a blue light – the sign to cease firing – and the chaos came to an end. Russian warships also fired on each other in the chaos of the melée. The approx. For the naval battles, see Battle of Dogger Bank (disambiguation). The British trawler Crane was sunk, and its captain and first mate were killed. Despite firing on unarmed civilian boats the Russian vessels only destroyed one trawler and only three fishermen lost their lives. This meant that the Russians had to abandon their original route of getting to Japan via the Mediterranean and Suez Canal and instead take a much longer route, circumnavigating the entire continent of Africa and resulting in a journey of almost 20,000 miles which took many months. Incidenten. Figs 15 and 19). The Russian fleet, however, did not assist the British trawlers or help the injured men. Although it must be noted that the close range meant that many of the most powerful cannons on the Russian battleships could not be used the guns which were used should have been more than sufficient to obliterate the Gamecock fleet. However, the various studies of the origins of the war provide only limited treatment of the Dogger Bank, or North Sea, incident. The British were understandably outraged by the incident. As the trawlers had their nets down, they were unable to flee and, in the general chaos, Russian ships shot at each other: the cruisers Aurora and Dmitrii Donskoi were taken for Japanese warships and bombarded by seven battleships sailing in formation, damaging both ships and killing at least one Russian sailor and severely wounding another, and fatally wounding a naval chaplain. Other heavy defeats such as the Battle of Yalu River had put the Russians very much on the back foot and desperate for reinforcements both from the sea and via the extremely long and slow Trans-Siberian Railway. One of the largest and most famous fleets w… The Russian Fleet approached, and the trawlers used lights and flares to identify themselves as fishing vessels. This atmosphere of fear, nervousness and suspicion was one of the major causes of the Russian attack on the civilian trawler fleet. During the night of October 21/22, 1904, the Russian Baltic Fleet, commanded by Admiral Rojestvensky and bound for the Pacific theatre of the Russo-Japanese War, fired upon a flottila of British fishing vessels operating around the Dogger Bank in … The incident led to a serious diplomatic conflict between Russia and Britain, which was particularly dangerous due to the Anglo-Japanese Alliance. It was agreed that the trawlers were properly lit and were going about their legitimate business when the Russians made the unjustifiable decision to open fire. Following a number of defeats in the South China Sea and the Sea of Japan Russia decided to reinforce its navy by sending a large number of warships from Russia’s Baltic Fleet – including some of their newest and most powerful battleships under the command of Admiral Zinovy Rozhestvensky – to the Far East. The Russian warships involved in the incident were en route to the Far East, to reinforce the 1st Pacific Squadron stationed at Port Arthur, and later Vladivostok, during the Russo-Japanese War. It was good to be, well if not exactly 'home' at least relaxed, comfortable and in a reasonable facsimile of it. Clearly, the Russians believed that Japan had the ability to attack the Baltic Fleet before it had even left European waters, even though this would have required Japan to have detailed and accurate intelligence on the movements of the Russian fleet, and have the ability to sendattack boats thousands of miles to the other side of the world. The Dogger Bank Incident (also known as the North Sea Incident or the Russian Outrange) took place in 1904. This chapter discusses the Dogger Bank incident. Coordinates: 54°43′26″N 2°46′08″E / 54.724°N 2.769°E … Furthermore, the design of the warships themselves may have played a part. [6] The commission completed its report on 26 February 1905, in which it criticised Admiral Rozhestvenski for his decision to fire upon the British ships. Battle of Dogger Bank, naval engagement between British and German battle cruisers during World War I. As the fleet left Tangiers, one ship accidentally severed the city's underwater telegraph cable with her anchor, preventing communications with Europe for four days.[4]. The Russian warships involved in the incident were en route to the Far East, to reinforce the 1st Pacific Squadron stationed at Port Arthur, and later Vladivostok, during the Russo-Japanese War. The British had intercepted and decoded German wireless transmissions, gaining advance knowledge that a German raiding squadron was heading for Dogger Bank and ships … However, the Russians took action to resolve the situation by instructing the Baltic Fleet to dock in Vigo, Spain where the Russian officers thought to be responsible for the incident were ejected from the fleet. Great Britain : … [1] Three British fishermen died and a number were wounded. It also concluded as follows: "the commissioners take pleasure in recognising, unanimously, that Admiral Rozhestvenski personally did everything he could, from beginning to end of the incident, to prevent This was an attempt by the British Empire to re-jig the alliances of Europe in its favour and create the Triple Entente by setting Japan on Russia, but it was a high risk strategy, and could easily spiral out of control if the fighting spread to Europe. On 25 November 1904, the British and the Russian governments signed a joint agreement in which they agreed to submit the issue to the International Commission of Inquiry at the Hague. The incident came close to sparking a war between Britain and Russia. When the Baltic Fleet eventually reached Japan it was decisively defeated in the Battle of Tsushima. Zinovij Rozjestvenskij. However, it concluded that "as each [Russian] vessel swept the horizon in every direction with her own searchlights to avoid being taken by surprise, it was difficult to prevent confusion". It thus proceeded around Africa, where it rendezvoused with German supply ships that had been hired to replenish its coal stocks at sea. Three of the trawlers were hit: the Crane, the Mien, and the Moulmein. One of the largest and most famous fleets was the Gamecock fleet which operated out of Hull. ) ; Email us: contact @ britishseafishing.co.uk Baltic Sea and through the North Sea and through the Sea. 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