Adults and maggots attack semi – ripe fruits, Maggots destroy and convert pulp into a bad smelling. The larvae of the guava shoot borers get into twigs, killing new shoots. With only 37 calories in one fruit and … The amount of time it takes for egg development depends on the ambient temperature, but is normally about two days. ... Indiscriminate use of pesticides to control fruit borer. It is also called the apple of tropics ranking fourth most important commercial fruit crops of India. The newly emerged adult females need 16 to 38 days to mature sexually prior to egg-laying. Feeds on internal contents (pulp and seeds), Infected fruits dry up and fall off without ripening. Guava may help manage diabetes, protect the heart, and boost digestive health. Scientific Name: Psidium guajava. A. Insect-Pests: 1. For local guava marketing, fully yellow but firm fruits are harvested, whereas half yellow fruits are picked for selling in distant markets. These eggs hatch into larvae, or maggots, which tunnel through the flesh of the fruit, making it unfit for consumption. Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck; Preferred Common Name. The top of the thorax is black with yellow patches, the abdomen is yellow-orange with a dark T-shaped mark, and the face has two black spots which “bleed” toward each other, sometimes connecting to each other in the middle. Scientific Name of The Pest: Tuta absoluta Common Name of the Pest: Tomato leaf miner Damage To Crop: Larvae of Tuta absoluta mine the leaves, flowers, shoots, and fruit of tomato as well as the leaves and tubers of potato. Mealy bug: Ferrisia virgata, Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Pseudococcidae: Hemiptera) Distribution and status: All over India and other grapevine growing countries. Description of adult: There are three widely occurring species of fruit piercing moth: Eudocima salaminia, E. fullonia, E. jordani and E. materna. Key words Guava, fruit borers, Virachola isocrates, Dichocrosis punctiferalis, incidence, management. Leaf Roller (Platypeplus Aprobola Meyer): The new flushes are attacked by this pest through out the litchi growing area. Campoletis chlorideae, Bracon spp. Preferred Scientific Name. Damage symptoms Both nymphs and adults suck sap that results in crinkling and yellowing of leaves and rotting of berries. In India, there are at least 80 insect species that attack the guava … Host range: Grapevine, Hibiscus, mulberry, guava, custard apple, okra, tamarind and glyricidia. The maximum temperature had significant positive correlation with the build-up of population of mealy bugs while high humidity had significant negative correlation. in length, with a darker, mostly black thorax. In addition to growing guavas on the large open field, it is also possible to grow these fruits in containers, pots, greenhouse, poly houses, and also in backyards. Most of the world’s sugarcane is grown in subtropical and tropical areas. Natural enemies of mealy bug: Predators: Chrysoperla carnea, Cryptolaemus montrouzieri, and Spalgis epius Parasitoids: Aenasius advena. Blackish larva can be observed underneath the fresh webbing. Wings are clear with a spot on the wing tips. Pest no :2 Common name : Oriental fruit fly, mango fruit fly. Scientific Name . This genus of plants is quite diverse with numerous economic and ecological benefits. Natural enemies of fruit borers: Parasitoids: Trichogramma chilonis, Tetrastichus spp., Telenomus spp., Chelonus blackburni, Carcelia spp. The young shoots dry and die away giving sickly look to the plant, Nymphs and adults make punctures on petiole, tender shoots and fruits, Brownish – black necrotic patches develop on the foliage, Elongate streaks and patches develop on shoots. The larvae drop from the fruit and burrow into the soil to pupate. Source: NIPHM and Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage. In 1825, strawberry guava was brought to Hawaii for its fruit and ornamental attributes. ADVERTISEMENTS: Insects and Diseases that Occurs in Litchi Plant and its Control! Damage is severe because the green citrus aphid colonizes young shoots, buds, grafts and young plants, the development of which is inhibited. minimum temperature, relative morning humidity and rain, had no significant influence on the incidence of the pests. Scien... tific name : Bactrocera dorsalis. Decay-producing organisms then enter, leaving the interior of the fruit a rotten mass. Nymphs and adults suck the sap from leaves, shoots and fruits. The codling moth (Cydia pomonella) is a member of the Lepidopteran family Tortricidae.They are major pests to agricultural crops, mainly fruits such as apples and pears.Because the larvae are not able to feed on leaves, they are highly dependent on fruits as a … The scientific name and botanical name of guava is Psidium guajava and it belongs to the family “Myrtaceae” and to the genus “Psidium”. Guava fruit borers/ pomegranate butterfly, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY). Such fruits weaken, rot and drop down. Guava whiteflies feed on guava leaves and, along with the green shield scale and weevils (in particular Anthonomus irroratus), require chemical pest control for guava grown commercially in Florida. Sugarcane, (Saccharum officinarum), perennial grass of the family Poaceae, primarily cultivated for its juice from which sugar is processed. © 2006–2019 C–DAC.All content appearing on the vikaspedia portal is through collaborative effort of vikaspedia and its partners.We encourage you to use and share the content in a respectful and fair manner. InDG is a Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) Government of India initiative and is executed by Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, Hyderabad. The forewings can be mainly brown, cream or green. This portal has been developed as part of the national level initiative - India Development Gateway (InDG), dedicated for providing information / knowledge and ICT based knowledge products and services in the domain of social development. Predators: Chrysoperla, Rove beetles, Spiders, Coccinellids, Robber fly, Dragonfly, Reduviid bug, Praying mantis, Fire ants, Big eyed bugs, Pentatomid bug, Earwigs, Ground beetles, common mynah and King crow. The first California detection occurred in Orange County in 1986, and since that time, several re-introductions have been delimited and successfully eradicated. Larvae - Dark brown, short and stout, covered with short hairs, larval period lasts for 18-47 days. Family: Myrtaceae. There are around 150 varieties of guava not just the green oval shaped fruit we all picture. Larvae faeces may be seen exuding out of the borer hole. The caterpillar of this pest is known as grub. Biology: Eggs: Eggs are laid singly on tender leaves, stalks and flower buds. Fruit borer: Congethes (=Dichocrocis) punctiferalis. Crops damaged : Mango, banana, sapota, fig, guava, papaya, passion fruit, peach, pear, pineapple, roseapple, citrus, coffee, etc. Hind wings are yellow orange, with black patches and spots. (e) Stem Borer Common name: Mango stem borer Scientific name: Batocera rufomaculara De Geer Family: Cerambycidae Order: Coleoptera The grub tunnels into the stems. The affected fruits are generally deformed at the point of entry of larvae. NAME: Guava Fruit Fly SCIENTIFIC NAME: Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi) PEST RATING: "A" Similar to Oriental Fruit Fly, but smaller, measuring about 6mm. Breeding is continuous, with several annual generations. Guava fruit borers/ pomegranate butterfly. Favorable conditions: The temperature of 28-360 C and 62-92% relative humidity and scanty rainfall during August to January are quite favorable for this pest. Out of the pests for more detailed information, click the links below like C... Pest no:2 common name, and boost digestive health two days of mosquito. 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