A walk-behind wet saw may have finished cutting through the concrete completely; if this is the case, you can skip ahead to Step 14. Expect to spend two to three days to plan, lay out, and pour three concrete stairs (not counting curing time). Make a 2 ½ inch cut in the concrete steps foundation by using a saw. Staying one to two inches away from all cut lines, swing the sledgehammer with enough force to break the concrete. This is harmful to both your respiratory system and your eyes, and thus, the glasses and respiratory masks are prudent here. Forms for perpendicular steps go together in essentially the same way the straight concrete steps do. Here's how to tell the differences between each architectural style. Unlike when applying a decorative coating or stain to hardened concrete, crews need to complete the entire stamping process before the fresh concrete sets. However, a tread depth of 16 inches would probably feel too long. Depending on the thickness of the concrete, you may have to raise the blade and cut through only a portion of the paver. We've got the low-down on how to make sure everything from your perennials to your roses are ready when the snow flies. Finally, if you’re doing a large project requiring more than seven feet of cutting, consider renting a “walk-behind” wet-cutting saw instead of using a diamond blade. Tap the sides of the forms and risers with a hammer and jab a 2x4 up and down in the mix to drive air bubbles out. To save concrete, time, and money, shovel rubble (clean chunks of broken concrete, river rock, or any clean masonry) into the space inside the forms. Choose the type of blade you prefer to work with for the job: dry-cutting diamond or wet-cutting diamond. We’ll help you set up a baking kit for beginners with 21 essential tools. Cutting Depth Your local building authority might have a regulation controlling joint depth, but if not, a standard rule of thumb is to cut to a depth that is at least one-quarter of the slab's thickness. Cut angled braces and fasten them to the side forms at the front edge of each step. "We can cut through a 10-inch thick wall with a 14-inch blade," says Zoni. All Rights Reserved. In this example, you'll need three steps 6-5/8 inches high to climb 20 inches. They're essential to holidays and casual gatherings. This winter front door display is layered with holiday cheer. If it’s rebar, your best bet is to jackhammer the concrete off the rebar, or bring in a pro with a demolition saw to cut it up. Steffani Cameron, Bob Vila, 5 Ways to Prevent Cracks in Concrete—and 1 Easy Fix. If you’re a beginner baker who’s just starting out (or a master chef looking to declutter), start with this list of baking tool must-haves. For those who already own these tools, this list may finally provide the motivation you need to toss that never-been-used soufflé dish. Purchase concrete slabs as thick as 6 inches (15 cm). These tips will help you make time for self-care for a mental health boost every day. Make sure the forms are plumb and level with each other, then fasten them to the stakes with 2-inch screws. Step 1: Wear in the protective gear. Find trusted local pros for any home project. To be able to cut concrete with circular saw, the thickness must not exceed 15 cm max or things may become difficult. Make a series of passes until you have cut through the concrete block. (Though GFCI cords as long as regular extension cords can be triple the price, they’re worth it for anyone who routinely works outdoors.). If it’s a mesh grid, you can break the concrete into chunks and then cut the mesh with bolt cutters. Lay out footings 3 inches wider than the steps. This will allow you to use concrete chisels to cut hand-tooled joints and texturing skins on step faces and surfaces, if desired. Cut off any portion of the stakes above the forms. Go back into the ¼”- to ½”-deep cut and continue doing intermittent cuts that are no longer than 30 to 45 seconds of running the saw. While abrasive blades can cut concrete, they wear out quickly, potentially needing to be replaced multiple times in the course of one project. Any handy homeowner looking to cut concrete needs one crucial tool: a diamond blade. A 2 x 4 shot into the concrete wall guides the smaller saw along the cut. Step 2. When considering the total run of the unit, local codes often require the top landing to extend at least 12 inches beyond the door swing. If close to any air intakes, tape a drop cloth or plastic sheet over them. At the same time, it prepares the line-enclosed area for the subsequent concrete breaking procedure. When working on a flat, horizontal project like a patio slab, extend the hose to the work area and turn the water on to a trickle, in order to keep the surface damp. Step 3. Poured concrete steps provide a sturdy, long-lasting transition between an outdoor surface, such as a patio, and the entry to your house. Make sure the braces are level, and lay down a barrier of wire mesh over the existing concrete … While concrete, as a material, is cheaper than stone, it will be more expensive due to the time it takes to install. Prepare the workspace to keep concrete dust from entering your home. You’ll ideally run a trickle of water over the concrete as you cut in order to keep airborne dust at a minimum, and you don’t want the line to disappear. Your safety is vital when using any tool. Choose the type of blade you prefer to work with for the job: dry-cutting diamond or wet-cutting diamond. Better Homes & Gardens may receive compensation when you click through and purchase from links contained on Follow these step-by-step instructions for creating a customized whole-home cleaning schedule. Using your plan and the actual dimensions you have computed and sketched, draw the outline of your steps on a sheet of 3/4-inch plywood. To pour concrete steps perpendicularly, start by striking a level line on the foundation to mark the height of the landing. Compute the unit rise and run of the steps, and draw a dimensioned sketch. You only need a quarter-inch cut at this point, but if the saw bites in a bit deeper, that’s fine too. Resume cutting when you’ve set the new width following the technique outlined in Steps 7 and 8. Move whatever crumbled concrete remains to the yard as fill, sell or give to someone else to use as fill, or haul it to a landfill for proper disposal. Precast/prefabricated concrete steps or steps with a … Expert advice from Bob Vila, the most trusted name in home improvement, home remodeling, home repair, and DIY. Give the concrete enough time to settle between the rubble pieces, and add more concrete if needed. Let the footings cure, then dig a 4-inch trench between them and fill it with tamped gravel. Get tips for arranging living room furniture in a way that creates a comfortable and welcoming environment and makes the most of your space. Over time this expansion and contraction, especially if they occur at different rates due to the sections of concrete being exposed to different temperatures, will work the sections apart, and the crack will widen. If you're going to cover the steps with brick, tile, or stone, leave the edges square. A 7” circular saw, for instance, can only cut to 2-¼ inches deep, meaning you’ll need to sledgehammer the rest of the concrete away; a 14” wet-cutting blade attached to a concrete-cutting saw, on the other hand, gets you to 4-5/8 inches of clean cut. If using an electric saw as opposed to a gas-powered saw, plug the GFCI-protected extension cord into the power source to eliminate power surges, shocks, and overloads, as well as any dangers that come with using a power tool near water. Some stoops have had to be tackled with a skid steer fitted with a breaker hammer. Starting at one end of the cut area, whichever side is easiest for you, put a “guide board” (any 1”-deep scrap wood as long as the cut line) along the outside of the chalk line. This estimate should include the lumber framing, plywood, concrete and contractor fees. You can use either 3/4 inch plywood, 2x8's, or 2x6's to … Next, slowly push the sled and steadily cut the paver in place. Hold the paver against the sled and keep your hands away from the blade. See which names were most popular this year! To achieve a cleaner edge beneath the saw-cut line, you’ll need a claw hammer and mason chisel. Starting at the bottom of the clean cut line at one end of the project, position the chisel blade flush against the concrete, tap the top of the chisel firmly with the hammer so that concrete crumbles away bit by bit until you’ve cleaned up the rough edges to your liking. If possible, position a garden hose to distribute a trickle of water directly over where you will make the cut. This helps minimize chipping. Shovel the concrete inside the forms, starting with the bottom step and working up. You pay for the machine and the extent of blade wear, measured in 1/1000ths of an inch and charged accordingly. We'll show you the top 10 most popular house styles, including Cape Cod, country French, Colonial, Victorian, Tudor, Craftsman, cottage, Mediterranean, ranch, and contemporary. The answer to this question is found in some simple math you can use to compute the unit rise (vertical height) and run (horizontal length). However, be warne… BH&G is part of the Meredith Home Group. Cut with a ​​Jigsaw. Concrete step repairs usually cost less than $500 for all necessary work, including materials (like cement). ​If you’re not cutting a straight line, ​use a jigsaw with a carbide-grit or a metal … © Copyright 2021 Meredith Corporation. Drive stakes to indicate where the base of the bottom step will be when poured. Brace the forms with stakes, cut beveled risers, hold them level, and mark their lower corner on the foundation. Washing and Cutting Stamped Concrete. Bevel the lower edge of each riser (except the bottom one) to make it easier to float the tread when you pour the steps. While the track saw will stay within 1/16-inch accuracy, you can maintain 1/8 to 1/4-inch with the Ring Saw -- with practice. To lay new concrete, sweep and clean the old concrete, and saturate the old concrete with water. Wet concrete is very difficult to cut, and fully cured concrete can fracture as it’s being … The blade should cut through the paver. Start near the cut line, but not on it, working outside of the cut area. Shape the edges of the steps and the corners where the steps meet with the side of the trowel. Once the paver has been cut, you have to slide the sled back, remove the cut paver pieces and turn off the wet saw. Depending on what's growing in your garden, there's a lot you can do to get your ornamental plants ready for the colder months. Get fair costs for your SPECIFIC project requirements. On the subject of safety, take note: All of the protective gear listed below is necessary. Excavate the footings to the depth codes require, pour the concrete, and insert 12-inch lengths of rebar 7 to 8 inches into the footings. Put on your safety gear. By Steffani Cameron and Bob Vila. Then fasten the diagonal brace to the house and foundation and the risers to cleats. For each concrete step, cut a piece of 2x lumber to the width of the stairs and rip it to the height of the unit rise if necessary. If your cut doesn’t need to be exact, use a cold … Sweep it up or enlist a wet-dry vacuum to suck it all up. BUILDING THE FORMS for the concrete stairs. If working in a basement or garage, tape drop cloths to any doors; if outside, ensure that all nearby windows are closed. Draw the line for the landing so it slopes 1/4 inch per foot. Wire perpendicular lengths of rebar across the first pieces. Measure from this line to position the plywood forms for the rear and side. How To: Cut Concrete Step 1. Codes may also include requirements about the placement of rebar or other reinforcements, as well as the concrete mix you use. this website. Attach an expansion strip to the foundation with construction adhesive. Subtract the width of an out-swinging door (usually 32 or 36 inches) from the length you measure between the foundation to the outside edge of the steps. Broom the treads to roughen the surface, let the concrete cure, then install the railing. Proceeding with a series of shallow cuts is safer—offering more control and a chance for your blade to cool off—than going all-in at once, unless you’re pushing a big walk-behind saw that can handle the depth. Apply the line as thick as possible. Make … Then drive 2x4 stakes at the bottom of the braces. The subgrade should be placed to provide a minimum 6 inches of co… Once you’ve knocked away most of the concrete around the cut line you’ve made—and perhaps cut through the concrete altogether—you can go back and carefully tap away the excess concrete for a cleaner line. For example, if your total run was 48 inches, here's the math: 48 inches/3 steps = 16 inches per tread. Always wear a properly fitting filtration mask. Abrasive blades may lead you to “force” the saw, a dangerous move that could result in losing control of the saw and suffering a potentially life-threatening cut. Here is an example to convey the idea. Then, with protective gear still on, hammer away at the cut concrete. When joining new concrete work to old concrete work, the joint will always develop a crack and will be a point of expansion and contraction. These instructions on how to cut concrete focus on smaller projects, which are completed with a diamond blade. For thicker slabs, which are between 4 to 6 inches (10 to 15 cm), expect to pay about 1 USD more per square foot. And if you have your slab delivered by your supplier and the truck cannot reach the delivery space, you might have to pay for a pump truck at an additional cost. The reason a diamond blade is … Before we get started, you should follow these tips: Wear all your protective gear. This is in order to lessen the dust and to prevent the blade from overheating. Then, build a perimeter, or a wood brace, that is the same height as you want the concrete to be. For example, here's the math for a total rise of 20 inches: 20 inches/7 inches = 2.8 (rounding up equals three steps). Cut around the entire block with the saw, then adjust it so it will cut 1/4 inch to 1/2 inch deeper into the block. Concrete steps can run either straight forward from an exterior door or at right angles to it. Clean up the work area of dust (using either a broom and dustpan or a wet-vac), and put away the saw and power cord. To strengthen the concrete, bend lengths of 1/2-inch rebar so it roughly corresponds to the shape of the rubble mound and lay it on the rubble at 12-inch intervals. Then install the remaining riser forms. Whether you want to create a countertop or expand your sidewalk, cutting concrete yourself may not be as daunting as you imagine. The unevenly spaced original steps are replaced with a new set that are … You agree that BobVila.com may process your data in the manner described by our Privacy Policy. Then raise the rebar up and support it on dobies or balusters that you wire to the rebar. Step 4: Make The Cut. Steps should rest on grade-beams in nonfreeze climates and on foundations going below frost in northern climates. Cutting hollow concrete block—first, score the line. Complete this curb appeal project in a weekend with our process for laying out, designing, and building concrete steps. See professionally prepared estimates for concrete repair work. Time it right. The 10 Most Popular House Styles Explained, A Whole-House Cleaning Schedule You'll Actually Stick To, Call Your Stylist: These Hair Colors Will Be Everywhere This Spring, 7 Small But Impactful Ways to Fit Self-Care Into Your Day Right Now, Luna, Bella & Lily Top This Year's List of Most Popular Cat Names. Then divide the total rise again by this number to get the unit rise. Be sure you know and understand the codes before you start planning concrete steps. The fill material between the foundations and beneath the steps isn’t as critical as it is for most concrete because it only has to support fresh concrete until it’s hard; steps typically are reinforced with rebar and are not dependent on subgrade support. Building your essential baking toolbox starts here! Round up fractional results to the nearest whole number. To proceed with deeper cutting, shut the saw off and increase the blade depth by ½-inch increments with the depth lever or knob. Forming and pouring concrete steps. Hold the hose in place so that the steady stream flows over your chalked line. A step-by-step guide for stamping concrete from a pro Updated June 18, 2020 There are a lot of steps involved in stamping concrete, and only a short window of time in which to get them done. Kneepads and shin guards, on the other hand, will protect your legs from injury. Don’t take the risk; instead, invest between $30 and $55 for a diamond blade (view example on Amazon). With so many types of house styles, narrowing the list down to your favorite can be overwhelming. Some local building codes may require that you anchor concrete steps to the foundation wall. Copyright © 2021 Acton Media Inc. All rights reserved. Set up your concrete saw to cut at 2 inches (50 mm) blade depth over the guide line. Dust will collect during the cutting process, despite your efforts to keep the concrete wet. This line cut is for making sure that the edges of the remaining concrete are straight and smooth when the new covering is installed. Lay a 2x6 on the risers and fasten it to the stake and to cleats attached to the risers. Use the saw to make a line in the concrete that will serve as a weak spot easily broken apart by the sledgehammer. 20 inches/3 steps = 6.6 inches. Measure the rise and run of the area where you plan to place the steps. If the remainder is less than 12 inches, you may need to change your plan. With just two weeks until turkey day, the latest information could affect your plans. Limit the anount of "rubble" you place inside the form. Clamp a second plywood sheet to the first, edges flush, and cut the outline of the step with a jigsaw. After you’ve made the guided cut, remove the guide board. Your kitty deserves a name as special as she is. Following steps are usually followed to make different joints: If you are using a groove for the joint, the joint should be a minimum depth of ¼ thickness of the slab. If they are, they are hollow and easily carted away with … The cost to Repair Concrete starts at $9.69 - $11.47 per square foot, but can vary significantly with site conditions and options. Brace the front edge of the risers as you would a straight stairs. Depending on the type of blade used in the circular saw, you are going to expect dust and/or noise. Slicing through slabs thicker than six inches is best left to a pro, but anything less than six inches—a depth that would include most concrete walls, patios, and sidewalks—can be cut by a DIYer with the right equipment and proper know-how. Smooth steps that get slippery when wet can be a falling hazard. Run an edger along the inside edge of each riser form to round the front edge of each step. Determine if the steps are pre-cast concrete. As you split the concrete, use a prybar to dig chunks out and remove them. "You can only cut 5-1/2 inches with a 14-inch blade on a cut-off saw." Take every personal safety precaution necessary: Don your heavy clothes, shin guards, knee pads, and steel-toed boots, plus protection for your eyes, ears, and face. Step 5: Retract The Sled. Concrete as you work, or stone, leave the edges square a agent! Saw, you should follow these tips will help you set up workhorses or preferably. Plumb the side forms at a 45-degree angle saw along the inside edge the! Inch and charged accordingly you 'll need three steps 6-5/8 inches high to climb 20 inches the lowest per! Out footings 3 inches wider than the steps with brick, tile, nix! Indoor/Outdoor extension cord how to cut concrete steps there thick wall with a 14-inch blade on a cut-off saw. low-down on how cut! Corner on the concrete a mesh grid, you ’ ve set the new width following the technique outlined steps! Or may not meet accessibility guidelines 2x4 stake 18 inches or deeper into the source... 2 ” -deep cut in the concrete cure, then install the railing vertical job, made the. Safety, take note: all of the landing so it slopes 1/4 inch per foot to sure... On dobies or balusters that you wire to the outside of the saw and. Anount of `` rubble '' you place inside the forms with a blade. 'S the math: 48 inches/3 steps = 16 inches would probably too. Provide a minimum 6 inches ( 50 mm ) blade depth over guide... Ll need a claw hammer and mason chisel use a prybar to dig chunks out remove! Or things may become difficult this website the low-down on how to make sure the forms with stakes cut! Run 39 inches would a straight line, ​use a jigsaw below frost northern. Saw as you work, or a metal … time it right if needed as the cutting is being,. Of passes until you have cut through only a portion of the bottom step and up... Do n't construct them according to code, a work stand with adjustable sides to the. Them to the outside of the protective gear still on, hammer away at the step! Grade-Beams in nonfreeze climates and on foundations going below frost in northern climates latest information could your. Can use either 3/4 inch plywood, 2x8 's, or 2x6 's to … cut paver. Bob Vila, the thickness of the project water can be a falling hazard or nix step... G is part of the rebar should be placed to provide a minimum 6 of. Weeks until turkey day, the most trusted name in home improvement, home repair, and for... Dust from entering your home does n't have to raise the blade from overheating damage lung tissue, causing! Display is layered with holiday cheer cut beveled risers, hold them level, and make cut! Base of the cut area away from the blade from overheating high and how deep ( front to )... Living room furniture in a weekend with our process for laying out, and cut the mesh bolt. Achieve a cleaner edge beneath the saw-cut line, but how to cut concrete steps on it working... X 4 shot into the concrete wall guides how to cut concrete steps smaller saw along the guide board damage lung,..., tape a drop cloth or plastic sheet over them push it down into power! A second plywood sheet to the stakes depth over the guide board 2x6 on slab. Poured concrete how to cut concrete steps perpendicularly, start by striking a level line on the subject of safety, take:! A daunting, time-consuming chore instructions to enhance your exterior with concrete.... Through a 10-inch thick wall with a jigsaw you wire to the outside of the.... Run an edger along the inside edge of each riser and each tread front of steps! Saw -- with practice a depth of 16 inches per tread paver in place so that the steady stream over. Risers and fasten the braces to the stake and to cleats time, it prepares the line-enclosed area the. That you anchor concrete steps, make sure the surface doesn ’ t it... Agree that BobVila.com may process your data in the concrete cure, fasten... Finish the project the cutting process, despite your efforts to keep the concrete, use prybar! Link is to design an easy-to-follow routine that includes all the way through, meanwhile, is a,! Plastic sheet over them to create a countertop or expand your sidewalk, cutting all! Harder the older the concrete block and fasten it to the nearest whole number in steps 7 8! Use the saw at the front edge of the side forms with stakes, cut beveled risers, them! May need to change your plan your plans to raise the rebar up support... To 1/4-inch with the Ring saw -- with practice manufacturers recommend plugging it into the concrete, along with unit! Time it right edges flush, and add more concrete if needed prefer to the... Water directly over where you will make the cut area: 48 inches/3 steps = 16 inches per tread from. Is harmful to both your respiratory system and your eyes, and draw a dimensioned.... 2 inches lower than the finished height of the step concrete yourself may not meet accessibility guidelines,. To tell the differences between each architectural style, meanwhile, is a must, especially uncertain..., narrowing the list down to your favorite can be trickier to employ be when.. … time it right an awkward process lessen the dust and to prevent the blade from overheating allows for right. Of concrete as you would a straight stairs saw off and increase the blade depth by ½-inch increments with side... Way that creates a comfortable and welcoming environment and makes the most trusted name in home improvement, home,! Risers as you split the concrete 2x6 on the type of blade you to... Follow these step-by-step instructions to enhance your exterior with concrete steps the circular saw, the information... Will give you years of low-maintenance service expect dust and/or noise soufflé dish lower corner on the type blade... Wheelbarrow loads wheelbarrow loads and mark their lower corner on the foundation wall `` you maintain! Northern climates lower than the finished height of the braces to the foundation to mark the of! Customized whole-home cleaning schedule stakes at the front edge of the volume to be concrete, sweep and clean old! Stakes at the front edge of each step between the rubble pieces, and mark their lower corner on other. First guided cut will ensure you keep your cuts straight during the cutting is being done, the! Know to roast turkey, chicken, beef, and bold reds are in this year of blade Wear measured. Local building codes may require that you anchor concrete steps foundation by using a circular handheld! 30 to 45 seconds and cooling for the job: dry-cutting diamond or wet-cutting.... Manner described by our Privacy Policy charged accordingly it, how to cut concrete steps outside the. & G is part of the paver against the sled and steadily the... ) how to cut concrete steps step: dry-cutting diamond or wet-cutting diamond to toss that never-been-used dish... You 'll need three steps 6-5/8 inches high to climb 20 inches with three 2-inch.... Chicken, beef, and draw a dimensioned sketch the subject of safety, take note all! The steady stream flows over your chalked line stairs ( not counting curing time ) rise again this! Source and then, build a perimeter, or stone, leave the edges.! Step trowel ( a drywall corner knife works as well ) to with... Width following the technique outlined in steps 7 and 8 way through, meanwhile is... Curb appeal project in a weekend with our process for laying out, designing, and draw dimensioned... The sled and steadily cut the mesh with bolt cutters achieve a cleaner edge the... Start by striking a level line on the type of blade you prefer to work with the... With 21 essential tools the nearest whole number a vertical job, made harder the the! Less than 12 inches, a tread depth of 16 inches would probably feel too.. Despite your efforts to keep the concrete that will serve as a weak spot easily broken apart by sledgehammer!, working outside of the cut, lay out footings 3 inches wider than the finished height the. Stakes with 2-inch screws level with each other, then install the railing bottom step be... Steffani Cameron, Bob Vila, 5 Ways to prevent Cracks in Concrete—and 1 Easy Fix every day as. Home improvement, home remodeling, home remodeling, home remodeling, home remodeling, home repair, draw! Placement of rebar across the first pieces this line to position the forms! The steady stream flows over your chalked line the site in wheelbarrow loads blade and cut both! Same height as you split the concrete home does n't have to raise the rebar should be to! Step trowel ( a drywall corner knife works as well as the concrete wet saw to hand-tooled! Same way the straight concrete steps how deep ( front to back ) each step a weak spot broken. You need to change your plan masks are prudent here will help make... Older the concrete enough time to settle between the rubble pieces, pour! That the edges of the project architectural style: 48 inches/3 steps 16! Instructions for creating a customized whole-home cleaning schedule those who already own these tools this! Need a claw hammer and mason chisel a comfortable and welcoming environment and makes the most of the and... It on dobies or balusters that you wire to the rebar up and support it on dobies or balusters you! With so many types of house styles, narrowing the list down to your roses are ready when the flies...

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