[12], Mentha spicata was first described scientifically by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. (25 kg) per acre. Contents Uses Cautions Other Name References Uses Spearmint is used for digestiv The leaves and oil are used to make medicine. "[18], Spearmint is documented as being an important cash crop in Connecticut during the period of the American Revolution, at which time mint teas were noted as being a popular drink due to them not being taxed. The infection looks like circular dark spot on the top side of the leaf. In Vietnamese cuisine the fresh herb is used a flavouring in chicken or beef pho. Spearmint Oil (Mentha Viridis Leaf Oil) (also known as Mentha spicata) is a sweet, mint-like essential oil extracted by steam distilling the flowering tops. Spearmint is a major source of naturally produced R-(–)-carvone. 17 Page 238 留兰香 liu lan xiang, "Seasonal variation in content, chemical composition and antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities of essential oils from four, "Antiemetic activity of volatile oil from, "Productivity, Oil Content, and Composition of Two Spearmint Species in Mississippi", "Health-promoting properties of common herbs", "The continuing search for antitumor agents from higher plants", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spearmint&oldid=996288813, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from February 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 17:37. Spearmint essential oil is used extensively in the flavoring industry. as the BBC, not wanting to risk breaching trademark laws, refused to play it. In China, spearmint have been seen with mosaic symptoms and deformed leaves. [1] The epithet spicata means 'bearing a spike'. Commonly known for its flavor, spearmint is a perennial plant that offers a sweet and minty taste and aroma. However, it is also used in a number of other products, mainly confectionery. [19][23], Spearmint essential oil has had success as a larvicide against mosquitoes. [20], Fungal diseases are common diseases in spearmint. A gentler version of peppermint, spearmint only contains 0.5% of menthol. Spearmint is also referred to as Garden Spearmint, Green Mint, Fish Mint, Our Lady's Mint, Spire, Green, Lamb, and Pea. [11], Mentha spicata varies considerably in leaf blade dimensions, the prominence of leaf veins, and pubescence. However, it is also used in a number of other products, mainly confectionery. (1) Spearmint Essential Oil Health Benefits 1. It can be dried by cutting just before, or right (at peak) as the flowers open, about one-half to three-quarters the way down the stalk (leaving smaller shoots room to grow). T.J. Zachariah, N.K. [16], Spearmint can readily adapt to grow in various types of soil. It is naturalized in many other temperate parts of the world, including northern and southern Africa, North America and South America. Research and health effects of spearmint oil, Spearmint oil used as insecticide and pesticide, "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew", "Flora of China Vol. Grown in the mountainous regions of Morocco, this variety of mint possesses a clear, pungent, but mild aroma. [27][31] Spearmint oil is found to have higher activity against Gram-positive bacteria compared to Gram-negative bacteria,[27] which may be due to differing sensitivities to oils. Sweet tea, iced and flavoured with spearmint, is a summer tradition in the Southern United States. Using spearmint as a larvicide would be a greener alternative to synthetic insecticides due to their toxicity and negative effect to the environment. Some oils, like gingergrass oil, contain a mixture of both enantiomers. Spearmint essential oil isn’t just good for your body when diffused, it’s also good for your home when mixed with white vinegar as a … Spearmint, also known as garden mint, common mint, lamb mint and mackerel mint,[5][6] is a species of mint, Mentha spicata, native to Europe and southern temperate Asia, extending from Ireland in the west to southern China in the east. Spearmint tends to thrive with plenty of organic material in full sun to part shade. Unlike oil of peppermint, oil of spearmint contains minimal amounts of menthol and menthone. The oil has a similar aroma to peppermint. As a medicinal herb it is used to treat fevers, headaches, and digestive ailments. [21], Some nematode diseases in spearmint include root knot and root lesions. Mentha longifolia and Mentha suaveolens (2n = 24) are likely to be the contributing diploid species. Spearmint oil helps reduce the level of these hormones so that it can reduce hair growth. It is widely used in gums, candies, and dental products for its minty taste, and to promote fresh breath. The leaves and oil are used to make medicine. Spearmint. [19] There is research on spearmint extracts in the treatment of gout and as an antiemetic. [10][14][15], Mentha spicata hybridizes with other Mentha species, forming hybrids such as:[15], Mention of spearmint dates back to at least the 1st century AD, with references from naturalist Pliny and mentions in the Bible. Leela, in Handbook of Herbs and Spices, Volume 3, 2006. The other nematode species are Pratylenchus which cause root lesions. Mint essential oil and menthol are extensively used as flavorings in breath fresheners, drinks, antiseptic mouth rinses, toothpaste, chewing gum, desserts, and candies, such as mint (candy) and mint chocolate. Spearmint was used as an aid for vomiting, … [10] The name 'spear' mint derives from the pointed leaf tips. They also moisturize your skin. Spearmint oil also contains significant amounts of limonene, dihydrocarvone, and 1,8-cineol. Spearmint is a flavour that is either naturally or artificially created to taste like the oil of the herbaceous Mentha spicata plant. Spearmint has been used internally for centuries for its digestive benefits*. [8][9] Spearmint flowers in the summer (from July to September in the northern hemisphere),[10] and has relatively large seeds, which measure 0.62–0.90 mm (0.024–0.035 in). Its sweet, refreshing aroma is uplifting, making it ideal to di… The stem is square-shaped, a defining characteristic of the mint family of herbs. The R-(–)-carvone isomer also occurs in kuromoji oil. Spearmint essential oil can be used to great effect on your hair and your scalp. 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